This is a new section that I’ve decided to add to the “Geology” section of our web site that I hope you will find of interest. As I was using Ernest F. Burchard’s Mineral Resources of Southeastern Alaska (1920) and T. Nelson Dale’s many U.S. Geological Survey books on marble, granite, and slate, I began to wonder about these early geologists, their assistants, their experiences in the field while gathering the information for these books, the people at the U.S.G.S. who had a part in creating these old books, and other interesting geologists of the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. This section represents my exploration of some of these early geologists, writers, and U.S.G.S. employees who provided us with all of the interesting and valuable books, mineral collections, etc., that enable us to look back at the historical stone industry of their time. I've especially been intrigued by the field trips to locations such as Alaska, etc. I must admit that I have no background or education in geology, and this listing is very arbitrary and in no order of importance - except whoever interested me in my search. If you know of other interesting early geologists who you think would fit into this group, I would like to hear about them. Peggy B. Perazzo, August 2009.
“American Women in Geology: A Historical Perspective,” by Lois B. Arnold, in Geology, 5, 1977, pp. 493-494.
“The Beginnings of the U.S. Geological Survey,” by Nationalatlas.gov.
The First One Hundred Years of American Geology, G. P. Merrill, Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut, 1924, 773 pp.
Geologic Pioneers - Conference on the History of Geologic Pioneers, August 2–5, 2000, Gerald M. Friedman, Past Chair, GSA History of Geology Division, Brooklyn College and Graduate School of the City University of New York, and Northeastern Science Foundation, P.0. Box 746, Troy, NY12181
The Geological Society of America: Life History of a Learned Society, by Edwin Butt Eckel, pp. 36-38, Geological Society of America, 1982, 167 pp., ISBN 081371155X, 9780813711553. (This section of the book is available on Google Book Search.)
Geologist, on Wikipedia
Geologists’ Biographies, on About.com
History of Geologic Mapping, U. S. Geological Survey
“History of Geoscience: Women in the History of Geoscience,” on enotes.com (Women in this article include: *Etheldred Bennett, “a scientific researcher in paleontology and an accomplished artist,” from the south of England. *Mary Anning from the United Kingdom was the “most famous early female geologist.” *Florence Bascom, a female geologist from Williamstown, Massachusetts, “founded the department of geology at Bryn Mawr College. Bascom was the first woman geologist employed by the U. S. Geological Survey in 1896. *Eileen Gupp was “the first successful woman to be employed by the British Survey in the petrology department in 1927.” *Alice Wilson, born in 1881 in Cobourg, Ontario, Canada “became the first woman to reach a prominent position within the Geological Survey of Canada. *Mary Emilee Holmes was the “first fellow of the Geological Society of America” in 1889.
Important Geoscientists, by William P. Clement, Temporary Special Lecturer, Center for Geophysical Investigation of the Shallow Subsurface (CGISS), Dept. of Geosciences, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho.
List of Geologists, on Wikipedia
Regulations of the United States Geological Survey, by Geological Survey (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
The Role of Women in the History of Geology, Special Publication No. 1281, by Cynthia V. Burek (Author, Editor), Bettie Higgs (Editor) “A conference held at the London Geological Society, Burlington House, London, on 28 November 2005), Geological Society of London; 1st edition (September 15, 2007), 352 pages, ISBN-10: 1862392277, ISBN-13: 978-1862392274. (Description: “Where were the women in Geology? This book is a first as it unravels the diverse roles women have played in the history and development of geology as a science predominantly in the UK, Ireland and Australia, and selectively in Germany, Russia and US. The volume covers the period from the late eighteenth century to the present day and shows how the roles that women have played changed with time. These included illustrators, museum collectors and curators, educationalists, researchers and geologists. Originally as wives, sisters or mothers many were assistants to their male relatives. This book looks at all these forgotten women and for the first time historians and scientists together explore the contribution they made to this male-dominated subject. There are individual profiles on remarkable women: Catherine Raisin, Dorothea Bate, Cuviers daughters, Grace Prestwich, Annie Greenly, Nancy Kirk, Margaret Crosfield, Ethel Skeat, Maria Ogivlie Gordon, Marie Stopes, Anne Phillips, Muriel Arber and Etheldred Bennett.”)
“Tools of the Trade: Geologists once did it all by hand, in dirty clothes,” by Andrew Alden, About Geology.
The United States Geological Survey: 1879-1989, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1050, by Mary C. Rabbitt. “A history of the relation of geology during the first 110 years of the U.S. Geological Survey to the development of public-land, Federal-science, and mapping policies and the development of mineral resources in the United States.”
U. S. Geological Survey, on Wikipedia.
U. S. Geological Survey Field Trips of the Geologic Branch, “Work of the Year,” 1903 and 1904, in Twenty-Fifth Annual Report of the Director of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior 1903-1904, Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1904, pp. (A few of the people who led the field trips in 1903 and 1904 include: Professor Florence Bascom (pp. 34); William C. Alden (pp. 32); T. Nelson Dale (pp. 39); Edwin C. Eckel (pp. 42); and George Otis Smith (pp. 55). (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
U. S. Geological Survey Personnel, on Wikipedia.
“Women in GSA,” in The Geological Society of America: Life History of a Learned Society, by Edwin Butt Eckel, pp. 36-38, in Geological Society of America, 1982, 167 pp., ISBN 081371155X, 9780813711553. The names of women scientists in the Geological Society of America that are described in this section include: Florence Bascom, Mary Emilee Holmes, Ida Helen Ogilivie, Mignon Talbot, Eleanora F. Bliss Knopf, Marjorie O’Connell Shearon, Julia Anna Gardner, Carlotta Joaquin Maury, Winifred Goldring, Anna Isabel Jonas Stose, Alva C. Ellisor, Margaret Fuller Boos, Fanny Carter Edson, Grace Anne Stewart, Katherine E. H. Palmer, Alice Evelyn Wilson, Katherine Fowler-Billings, Madeleine A. Fritz, Helen J. Plummer, Christina Lochman-Balk, Jewell J. Glass, Hildegard Howard, Esther J. Aberdeen, Alice S. Allen, Esther E. R. Applin, Esther E. R. Applin, Anna Heitanen-Makela, Helen N. Leoblich, Helen M. M. Martin, Emily Jäeger, and Dorothy Hill. (Photographs of Florence Bascom and Mary Emilee Holmes are included in this section.) (This section of the book is available on Google Book Search.)
(Note: This list is formatted in alphabetical order by surname.)
Dr. William C. ALDEN, U. S. Geological Survey Chief of Pleistocene Geology
Florence BASCOM, (First woman officer of the GSA and first woman geologist employed by the U. S. Geological Survey, according to “Great Expectations: Florence Bascom (1842-1945) and the education of early U.S. Women Geologists,” in The Role of Women in the History of Geology, by R. M. Clary and J. H. Wandersee.)
“Miss F. Bascom, Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pa.”
Etheldred BENNETT, known as the “First Lady Geologist” in England
Etheldred Bennett of Wiltshire, England, The First Lady Geologist - Her Fossil Collection in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and the Rediscovery of ‘Lost’ Specimens of Jurassic Triigoniidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) with Their Soft Anatomy Preserved. HS Torrens, E. Benamy, E.B. Daeschler, E.S. Spamer, and A. Bogan, Procs. of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, volume 150, 2000, pp 59-123.
According to this article: “Etheldred Bennett, ‘the first lady geologist,’ who lived in Warminster,…gave her collection to the Philadelphia Museum….”
R. W. BERRY, U. S. Geological Survey Cartographer
Dr. Oliver BOWLES (1877-1958), Geologist for the U. S. Bureau of Mines
Tom LaPorte has traced Oliver Bowles’ son, Edgar Bowles, who worked as a geologist doing field work for the U. S. Geological Survey in addition to other positions in locations as the Alabama Geological Survey; Florida; Mississippi; Louisiana; Texas; Arizona; Utah; Bureau of Mines, Alaska; California; Cairo, Egypt; North Africa; and Italy. He was listed as an assistant professor of geology at Rutgers University in 1946-1947; professor and chairman at the American University, Washington, D.C., in 1948-1952; associate professor 1952-56, and professor from 1956-1957. He retired circa 1970. (Most of the preceding information is from American Men and Women of Science, 12th Edition, 1971.)
“Oliver Bowles, Bureau of Mines, Washington, D. C”
“Oliver Bowles” (No link to collection information yet online as of August 2009.)
Alfred Hulse BROOKS, U.S. Geological Survey
Ernest F. BURCHARD (1875-1961) U.S. Geological Survey
“Memorial to Ernest Francis Burchard (1875-1961),” by Richard W. Smith, GSA Bulletin; May 1965; v. 76; no. 5; p. P59-P62. © 1965 Geological Society of America.
Miss Altha Titsworth COONS, U. S. Geological Survey “Statistical Expert”
“In carrying out this investigation I have had the assistance of three of my pupils, Miss Altha T. Coons….”
Class of 1894: Altha T. Coons, B.S., Washington, D.C.
“The collection of these statistics and the compilation of returns have been carried on, as in previous years, by Miss Altha T. Coons, statistical expert of this office, who has prepared the entire report on stone. D. T. Day.”
“Coons, Miss Altha T., Ins. Stat Expt GeolSurv $1400 NJ 7PaDelaware DC
“Coons, Miss Anna B., Int. Stat. Geol. Survey $900 NJ 6NJSussex DC” (Altha T. Coon’s sister)
Jefferson Jeffers Coons, C.E. (Father of Altha T. Coons)
“Jefferson Jeffers Coons, Sussex, Sussex county, New Jersey, civil engineer, was born July 17, 1842, at Sand Lake, Rensselaer County, New York, son of Solyman Coons and Altha Burton, his wife, and is of Dutch descent.
“He attended public schools and the New York Conference Seminary at Charlotteville, then entered Union College, where he completed a course in civil engineering, graduating with the degree of C.E. in 1867. Upon graduation he at once engaged in professional work, which he continued until 1877, from which year until 1881 he followed a mercantile business. He resumed engineering and was engaged in it until 1893, when he again took up a mercantile line and was so employed for five years, but since 1898 has followed civil engineering and supervising.
“Mr. Coons has held the civil offices of town clerk of Sussex, 1881; member of the Board of Education, 1893-1905; chosen freeholder, 1905. Politically he is a Democrat. He is a member of Samaritan Lodge, No. 98, F. & A.M., Sussex; Baldwin Chapter, No. 23, R.A.M., Newton, New Jersey, and of Monroe Commandery, No. 12, Knights Templar, Rochester, New York. He married, March 27, 1872, Jennie Titsworth, and has children: Altha Titsworth Coons, a graduate, degree of B.S., of Swarthmore, 1894, Annie Burton Coons and Kate Titsworth Coons.”
T. Nelson DALE (1845 - 1937), U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
The Granites of Maine, by T. Nelson Dale, Bulletin 313, U. S. Geological Survey, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907. (This book is available on Google Book Search - Full View Books.)
Slate Deposits and Slate Industry of the United States, by Thomas Nelson Dale and others, Bulletin 275, U. S. Geological Survey, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1906, 154 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search - Full View Books.)
James Dwight DANA (1813-1895), Scientific Explorer, Mineralogist, Geologist, and Zoologist
Nelson H. DARTON, (1865-1948) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
Chester DEWEY (1784-1867) Geologist
Thomas Wilson DIBBLEE, Jr. (1911-2004) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
Amos EATON (1776-1842) Geologist
“Amos Eaton, with Patroon Stephen Van Rensselaer, founded the Rensselaer School in 1824, later know as the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. A philosopher of higher education, he revolutionized instruction away from the liberal arts tradition into a laboratory method of applied preparation for solving society’s problems. He was a strong proponent of higher education for women.”
Edwin Clarence ECKEL (1875- 1941) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
“Edwin C. Eckel was the most influential author on cement, lime and plaster in the United States of America in the first part of the twentieth century…A geologist with the United States Geological Survey, Eckel was commissioned to draw together the extensive but widely scattered information on cementing materials….”
“Knoxville, Tennessee, November 22 (AP). - Maj. Edwin C. Eckel, 67, chief geologist of the Tennessee Valley Authority, died tonight at his farm home near here. Death was attributed to a heart ailment. Maj. Eckel was a veteran of the World War. He held a lifetime honorary membership in the American Society of Civil Engineers, was a fellow of the Geologic Society of America, and was the author of several books, one entitled Coal, Iron, and War. Among the survivors are his widow of Washington, D.C., and a daughter, Miss Julia Eckel, Washington artist.”
Some Books by Edwin C. Eckel that are available online:
Building Stones and Clays; Their Origin, Characters and Examination, by Edwin C. Eckel, New York: J. Wiley. (This book is available on the Internet Archive.)
“The Cement Industry in New York” (Chapters), by Edwin Clarence Eckel, in Lime and Cement Industries of New York, by Heinrich Ries, Edwin Clarence Eckel, New York State Museum, University of the State of New York, University of the State of New York, 1901, 968 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
“Cement Materials,” by Edwin C. Eckel, in Geology and Mineral Resources of Mississippi, Bulletin No. 283, United States Geological Survey, 1906, pp. 71-90. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
The Materials and Manufacture of Portland Cement, by Edwin C. Eckel, Geological Survey of Alabama Bulletin No. 8, Brown Printing Company, 1904, 93 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
“Portland Cement Materials Near Dubuque Iowa,” by Ernest F. Burchard, in Contributions to Economic Geology, Part I. Metals and Nonmetals, 1906,Bulletin No. 315, U. S. Geological Survey, S. F. Emmons and E. C. Eckel, Geologists in Charge. 1907, pp. 225-231. (This book is available on Google Book Search - Full View Books.)
Ebenezer EMMONS (1799-1863) Geologist
Katharine FOWLER-BILLINGS (1902–1997) Geologist
“Katharine Fowler-Billings (1902–1997) became a practicing field geologist in the 1920s, long before this was a commonplace career for a woman. Her life achievements are those that anyone would be proud to have—fine educational credentials, including a Ph.D. from Columbia University; a publication record that includes fundamental geological descriptions of large areas in Wyoming, Sierra Leone, and New Hampshire; and a record of environmental activism in New England….”
“Among many other honors, Billings, and his wife Katharine Fowler-Billings, were elected honorary fellows of the New Hampshire Geological Society in 1992 (see The Granite State Geologist, number 3, December 1992…). Kay Fowler-Billings continues to reside at Summerhill in Peterborough. Her recent autobiography, Stepping Stones, The Reminiscences of a Woman Geologist in the Twentieth Century was published in 1996 by the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences….”
Winifred GOLDRING (1888-1971) First woman president of the Paleontological Society
James HALL (1811–1898) Paleontologist
Erasmus HAWORTH, U. S. Geological Survey & the Kansas Geological Survey - Geologist
F. L. HESS, U. S. Geological Survey
Mary Emilee HOLMES, (1850-1906) Paleontologist
Richard L. HUMPHREY, U. S. Geological Survey, Engineer in Charge of the Structural Materials Division
“Immediately afterwards there was a decision to investigate the effects of earthquake and fire on buildings and materials of construction. Accordingly, on April 19 Richard L. Humphrey was sent to San Francisco for this purpose, as secretary of the National Advisory Board on Fuels and Structural Materials and representing the structural materials division of the United States Geological Survey.”
“Investigations of structural materials belonging to and used by the United States, such as stones, clays, cements, etc., were continued during the year at the structural-materials testing laboratories in Forest Park, St. Louis, Mo. The work was directly under the care of Richard L. Murphy, engineer in charge of the division, who had the assistance of a corps of engineers, chemists, geologists, and others.”
Clarence KING (1842- 1901) Geologist & First U. S. Geological Survey Director
Philip Burk KING (1903-1987) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
Eleanor Bliss KNOPF (1883-1974) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
Medora Hooper KRIEGER (1905-1994) Geologist
Gerald F. LOUGHLIN (1880-1946) Chief Geologist of the U. S. Geological Survey
J. David LOVE, Sr. (1913-2002) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
George Perkins MERRILL (1854-1929) Geologist
J. B. MERTIE, Jr., U. S. Geological Survey
Henry B. NASON (1831–1895) Geologist
(Excerpt from the above presentation) “The period between 1859 and 1894 was the tenure of Henry B. Nason (1831-1895). Nason was the de facto curator of the vast mineral collection at Rensselaer. Nason acted as agent for Rennsselaer in acquiring specimens and with Hall arranged and labeled them. The extended geological field trips Nason lead each term were extremely popular…Nason’s interest in mineralogy had a profound influence on the scientific advance of mineralogy….”
Description: “Carte-de-visite portrait of Henry B. Nason (1831-1895), head of the Chemistry department at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the first Technological school in the U.S. Handwritten text at the bottom of the image reads, ‘H.B. Nason, Troy N.Y., 1869.’”
(pp. 22) The Henry B. Nason Collection of Minerals at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
“The ‘Henry B. Nason’ collection of minerals, named for the donor, contains nearly 5000 specimens, arranged in several divisions to illustrate their structural, physical, and chemical properties; also a large number of models.”
(pp. 115) Professor of Natural History
“Henry B. Nason, A.M., Ph.D., M.D., LL. D. – 1858-1864”
“Nason – Henry B. - 18 Jan 1895 – (newspaper death notice) NASON - Friday, Jan. 18, 1895, Henry B. Nason for thirty-six years professor in the Rensselaer Polytecnic Institute, in his 64th year. – (funeral details) Funeral from his late residence Monday afternoon, Jan. 21, at 2:30 o'clock. 1-18-2t – (page) 68-2”
Henry B. Nason’s Burial place is at the Oakwood Cemetery, 5.7 miles from the Rensselaer Center, according to the “Troy Field Trip” by the Brooklyn College Geology Department, New York. (Photographs of Henry B. Nason’s Mineral Collection are included on this web site at the bottom of the page.) Henry B. Nason’s plaque reads as follows:
“Co-founder of GSA and mentor of eminent GSA president Thomas C. Chamberlin, and inspirer of Roebling in mineralogy.”
Denison OLMSTEAD (1791–1859) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
“Denison Olmsted, Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology at the University of North Carolina, also a former student of Professor Silliman, had approached the North Carolina State Board of Internal Improvements with the idea of making a geological and mineralogical survey of the State, but the General Assembly in North Carolina, to which the Board had referred Olmsted's request, had instead authorized the Board of Agriculture to make such a survey in 1823.”
Sidney PAIGE, U. S. Geological Survey
“The discovery of gold in the Klondike brought a massive influx of people to the continent’s northwest.
“Not only were there prospectors hungry for gold; there were government geologists from both Canada and the United States, eager to inventory all the riches of the region, and firm up each country’s claim to their territory….”
(Photo caption of photo accompanying this article which includes a photograph of Sidney Paige.) “Passengers, gathered outside the White Pass & Yukon Railroad Station at White Pass. The photographer on one of the expeditions, Sidney Paige, is in the centre wearing a white hat. Circa 1900.”
Records of the Herbarium (RG 4), Charles Arthur Hollick Records (1873-1979), the New York Botanical Garden, International Plant Science Center, Mertz Library, Archive & Manuscript Collections.
“In 1903, Hollick spent four months in Alaska under the auspices of the USGS--Division of Alaskan Mineral Resources, Reclamation Service - the first paleobotanist to do so. With Sidney Paige, he traveled 1,000 miles down the Yukon River from Dawson to Anvik, collecting materials which were to occupy him for the rest of his career….”
“Series 9: Alaska Expedition, 1903-1932
“Hollick’s field trip to Alaska yielded material that was to occupy him for the rest of his life. Primarily, this series contains correspondence between Hollick and the USGS concerning progress on the publication of his findings. The list of specimens he collected is here. Hollick’s field notebooks for this expedition are located with the USGS Mineral Resources Surveys, Alaska Section, Anchorage, AK. Photographs by Sidney Paige, a USGS colleague, documenting this remarkable expedition are found in Series 10: Photographs.”
“Series 10 Photographs, 1879-1928
“Sidney Paige's photographs are in chronological order, prepared from a numerical list of 102 subjects. That list is included in this series. Scenes of great historical value featured here include gold miners, Indian life, scenic views of Nome and other places in Alaska, as well as the geological and paleobotanical features. Also in this series are portrait photographs of Hollick, and specimen photographs include Glyphomitrium Cockerlleae, discovered by Elizabeth Britton and Hollick.”
“1949 Sidney Paige, U.S.G.S., Columbia University, New York”
Sydney Paige in 1952 - Sidney Paige received the Bownocker Medal from the Ohio State University Department of Geological Sciences.
Mineral Resources of the Llano-Burnet Region, Texas, with an Account of the Pre-Cambrian Geology, by Sidney Paige, Bulletin 450, Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, Washington : Government Printing Office, 1911, pp. 7-26. (This bulletin is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
John Wesley POWELL (1834-1902) Second Directory of the U. S. Geological Survey
Heinrich RIES (1871-1951) Professor, Emeritus of Geology of Cornell University
“1950 Heinrich Ries, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York”
Building Stones; Clay Industries, by Henrich Ries, New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1912. (This book is available on the Internet Archive.)
Economic Geology of the United States, by Heinrich Ries, 2nd ed., New York: The Macmillan Company, London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1905. (This book is available on the Internet Archive.)
Economic Geology: With Special Reference to the United States, by Heinrich Ries, The Macmillan company, 1910, 589 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
Engineering Geology, by Heinrich Ries and Thomas L. Watson, New York: Wiley, London: Chapman & Hall, 1915. (This book is available on the Internet Archive.)
Lime and Cement Industries of New York, by Heinrich Ries, Edwin Clarence Eckel, New York State Museum, University of the State of New York, University of the State of New York, 1901, 968 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
Washington A. ROEBLING (1837–1926) Creator of the Roebling Gem and Mineral Collection in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, in the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
(Excerpt from the above document.) “For diversion, (Washington A. Roebling) directed these energies into his lifelong hobby and passion, his rock and mineral collection. That priceless 16,000-piece collection was eventually donated by his son, John A. Roebling II, to the Smithsonian Institution. It has since become the cornerstone of the Museum of Natural History’s mineral and gem collection.”
“The National Gem and Mineral Collection in the Hall of Geology, Gems, and Minerals located at the National Museum of Natural History, which is a natural history museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C….”
“The National Gem and Mineral Collection is one of the most significant collections of its kind in the world. The collection includes some of the most famous pieces of gems and minerals including the famous Hope Diamond and the Star of Asia Sapphire. There are currently over 15,000 individual gems in the collection, as well as 350,000 minerals and 300,000 samples of rock and ore specimens. Additionally, the Smithsonian's National Gem and Mineral Collection houses approximately 35,000 meteorites, which is considered to be one of the most comprehensive collections of its kind in the world.”
“Part of the collection is displayed in the Janet Annenberg Hooker Hall of Geology, Gems and Minerals, one of the many galleries in the Museum of Natural History. Some of the most important donors are Washington A. Roebling, the man who built the Brooklyn Bridge, who gave 16,000 specimens to the collection, Frederick A. Canfield, who donated 9,000 specimens to the collection, and Dr. Isaac Lea, who donated the base of the museum’s collection of 1312 gems and minerals.”
Frank Charles SCHRADER (1860-1944) U. S. Geological Survey Geologist
Frank C. Schrader, the U. S. Geological Survey Geologists, and Walter C. Mendenhall circa 1898:
“…In January 1898, Congress appropriated funds for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to make geologic and topographic surveys in Alaska.” Eventually, Alfred H. Brooks and Walter C. Mendenhall led field parties to Alaska along with Spurr, Eldridge, and Frank C. Schrader.
A bibliography of books co-written by Frank C. Schrader can be found on pp. 32 of this book. Pages 62-63 includes accounts of Schrader’s participation in geologic investigations in Alaska in 1890-1891 by the U.S. Geological Survey.
(Photo caption) “USGS Geologists (left to right): Frank C. Schrader, J. Edward Spurr and Harold B. Goodrich, October 1896.”
“During the 1880s and 1890s, the expeditions of the Navy and the Revenue Marine Service, as well as the observations of wandering prospectors, helped to chart the twists and turns of river systems in the Brooks Range….”
“The Mineral Deposits of the Cerbat Range, Black Mountains, and Grand Wash Cliffs, Mojave County, Ariz.’, in Contributions to Economic Geology, 1907, Part I. Metals and Nonmetals, Except Fuels, Bulletin 340, by Frank C. Schrader and Waldemar Lindgren, Geologists in Charge, Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey, 1908, pp. 53-83.
Eugene Allen SMITH (1841-1927) Alabama State Geologist
List of Published Reports of the Alabama Geological Survey – Some by Eugene A. Smith, State Geologist, University, Alabama in Index to the Mineral Resources of Alabama, b y Eugene Allen Smith and Henry McCalley, Brown Printing Company, 1904, 79 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
Index to the Mineral Resources of Alabama, by Eugene Allen Smith, Henry McCalley, Brown Printing Company, 1904, 79 pp. (This book is available on Google Book Search – Full View Books.)
George Otis SMITH (1871-1944) Fourth U. S. Geological Survey
Philip S. SMITH, U. S. Geological Survey
Frank Robertson VAN HORN (1872-1933) U. S. Geological Survey
Charles Doolittle WALCOTT (1850-1927) Third U. S. Geological Survey Director
(From the “Career” section of the Wikipedia article) “In 1879, Walcott joined the US Geological Survey and rose to become its director in 1894. He worked especially on the Cambrian layer in locations throughout the United States, making numerous field trips and linking the fossils he collected to the sequence of rocks in a way that made important contributions to stratigraphy….”
“Charles D. Walcott in England and Wales (1888): A crucial visit in the resolution of Taconic-Cambrian-Ordovician questions,” Michael G. Bassett and Ellis L. Yochelson, The Geologists’ Association Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Alice WILSON (1881- 1964) Geologist at the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC)