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The Georgia Stone Industry, 1908

Excerpts from

Mineral Resources of the United States, Calendar Year 1908
Part II - Nonmetallic Products
Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1909.

Excerpts from the book are from the chapter on: 1) Slate, by A. T. Coons; 2) Stone, by A. T. Coons; 3) part of chapter on Abrasive Materials, by W. C. Phalen.

Building Stone Distribution: Distribution of the various kinds of building stone and the localities where the different varieties of stone are now being quarried or may be quarried in the future for Georgia are: Marble, granite, gneiss, sandstone, slate.

Slate: No commercial slate was marketed, but a considerable amount of development work was reported as being done on the deposits near Rockmart, Polk County, in 1908.

Marble: Marble includes a small quantity of serpentine quarried and sold as marble in Georgia and Pennsylvania, and also a small quantity of the so-called "onyx" marble or travertine obtained from caves and other deposits.

Granite: In 1907 the rank in output of States producing granite to the value of $500,000 or more was Vermont, Massachusetts, Maine, California, Wisconsin, Maryland, North Carolina, Georgia, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Washington, and Minnesota; in 1908, Vermont, Maine, Massachusetts, California, Wisconsin, Georgia, Washington, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Maryland, Minnesota, Connecticut and Rhode Island decreased in value of production.

In 1907 there were six States with an output valued at over $1,000,000...Georgia increased in the output of curbstone and flagstone.

Of the other States, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, South Carolina, and Texas increased in value of output, and Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Utah, and Virginia decreased. Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, Oregon, Utah, and Washington include some basalt and volcanic rock, and trappean rocks in their production; other States, notably Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia, include some gneiss, trap rock, syenite, mica schist, diabase, etc.

Curbstone: Granite curbing in 1908 was valued at $942,722, and in 1907 at $819,621, a gain of $123,101 for 1908. Georgia, California, North Carolina, Massachusetts, and Maine were the largest curbstone-producing states in 1908.

Flagstone: Granite used for flagging was principally from Georgia in 1908. The total output was valued at $70,744 in 1908 and at $69,854 in 1907.

Marble: The figures for marble here presented include, for some of the States, the value of quantities of serpentine (verde antique marble) and "onyx" marble. The serpentine (verde antique marble) included is simply that form of serpentine which, from its use as ornamental stone for interior decorative work in buildings, answers the purpose of marble. The Georgia and Pennsylvania figures in this report include this stone.

In 1908 the commercial output of marble was from Vermont, Georgia, Tennessee, New York, Massachusetts, Alabama, Pennsylvania, Maryland, California, Colorado, Alaska, North Carolina, Kentucky, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, and Idaho, with a quantity for Missouri included with limestone. In 1908 Colorado and North Carolina reentered as productive States, and Oklahoma and Washington dropped out. Vermont, Tennessee, and Georgia increased in value of output; the other States decreased.

New York, whose marble output is chiefly dressed building stone, produced 17.78 per cent of the total building stone, at a value of $546,945. The Georgia output, which is principally rough stone, was valued at $468,981 and represented 15.24 per cent of the total.

Monumental stone: Monumental marble was valued at $2,397,780 in 1908 and at $2,640,130 in 1907, a decrease of $424,350 for 1908. In 1908 the value of rough stock was $554,354 and of dressed monumental stone $1,843,426; the corresponding figures for 1907 were $596,130 for rough monumental stock and $2,044,000 for dressed monumental stone, a decrease in 1908 of $41,776 in value of rough stock and of $200,574 for dressed stone. Vermont, with a value of $1,848,444, produced 77.09 per cent of the total monumental marble; Georgia produced 10.82 per cent; and New York, with 4.57 per cent, ranked third.

In 1907 New York exceeded Georgia, but in 1908 Georgia took second place and New York fourth. The output for Georgia in 1908 was valued at $916,281, and represented about 800,000 cubic feet of stone; in 1907 the total value was $864,757, and the quantity reported was about 807,000 cubic feet, an increase in value for 1908 of $51,524 and a decrease in quantity of about 7,000 cubic feet. Most of the Georgia marble is sold in the rough to the manufacturers.

Abrasives produced in Georgia: Infusorial earth.

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