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Geo. & R. L. Barney, Swanton, Vt.

Marble Flooring Tiles
We Manufacture Extensively, White, Black, Red, Dove, Chocolate, Lyonaise, French-Gray, and other Marbles, into Tiles of Every Design.
We make Wainscoting and Tiling a Specialty. Descriptive Circular and Price-List Sent on Application.

“An analysis of the graphite in the “dark blue Rutland” is given on page 40 and one of the white marble on page 12. The following analyses of the blue, white, and statuary are quoted here for reference:

“Tests of expansion made at the Watertown Arsenal in November, 1895, determined the coefficient of expansion in water per degree Fahrenheit of Rutland white marble as 0.00000312 inch; that of the mottled marble of the Proctor quarry was 0.00000550 inch, and that of a dark graphitic marble from the Shangrow quarry was 0.00000433 inch. These tests were made in water baths between temperatures of 32° and 212° F. The transverse strength was found to be greatly lowered by such treatment.

The probable general structure of the West Rutland anticline is given in sections B and F, Plate III. The quarries lie on the east limb of the anticline, the top of which has eroded, or along the west limb of a syncline of marble overlain by schist. In passing from quarry to quarry along the strike, the supports left between the walls and also between adjacent quarries show on their smoothly cut surfaces various minor undulations in the limb of the syncline, so that in a series of cross sections of the limb 200 feet apart no two would be identical. Here and there a little faulting or pinching out of small beds is also evident. Figure 17 shows the approximate character of the anticlinal or synclinal limb at the Ripley quarry. The steeper upper part of it also shown in Plate XII. At the prospect (quarry No. 7 on map, Pl. IV) a trap dike 10 inches to 6 feet wide cuts the marble beds with a N. 60° E. course and a dip ranging from steep to 30° S. 40° E. The dike has a glassy rim 0.12 inch wide, weathered whitish. The presence of many joints on the south side parallel to the dike wall probably caused the discontinuance of the quarry.

“The marbles from these quarries serve a great variety of purposes. Many of the beds are used for interior decoration panels, wainscoting, etc., some for interior or exterior carving, and others for construction. Some of the graphitic marbles are in demand for electric switch-boards. Among the more notable buildings and attractive monuments of recent date made of the marble of these quarries are the Senate office building, Washington, from West Rutland marble with some from Danby; the marble and statues of the Chamber of Commerce Building, New York, from West Rutland marble; the Wilson portrait statue at Seattle, Wash. (Pl. XIII), of ‘light Rutland Italian;’ the Taylor mausoleum, Woodlawn Cemetery, New York, of “best white Rutland building marble;” the Kimball monument at Graceland Cemetery, in Chicago (Pl. XIV, A), of “second statuary” and the mantel and wainscoting in the First National Bank, Hazleton, Pa. (Pl. XIV, B), of ‘American pavonazzo.’”

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