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The Idaho Stone Industry, 1908


Excerpts from

Mineral Resources of the United States
Calendar Year 1908, Part II - Nonmetallic Products
Department of the Interior, United States Geological SurveyGovernment Printing Office,
Washington, D. C., 1909.

Excerpts from the book are from the chapter on Stone, by A. T. Coons:

Building Stone Distribution: Distribution of the various kinds of building stone and the localities where the different varieties of stone are now being quarried or may be quarried in the future for Idaho are: Limestone, marble, granite, trappean and volcanic rocks, sandstone.

Granite: "The decrease in value.Of the other States, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, South Carolina, and Texas increased in value of output, and Arizona, Arkansas, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Utah, and Virginia decreased. Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, Oregon, Utah, and Washington include some basalt and volcanic rock, and trappean rocks in their production."

Marble: "In 1908 the commercial output of marble was from Vermont, Georgia, Tennessee, New York, Massachusetts, Alabama, Pennsylvania, Maryland, California, Colorado, Alaska, North Carolina, Kentucky, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, and Idaho, with a quantity for Missouri included with limestone. In 1908 Colorado and North Carolina reentered as productive States, and Oklahoma and Washington dropped out. Vermont, Tennessee, and Georgia increased in value of output; the other States decreased.

"The small output of marble reported from near Basin, Cassia County, Idaho, was used to supply local demand for cemetery stone."

Onyx Marble: "The onyx marble of the United States, except perhaps that of California and Arizona, is not considered as good as the Mexican article in color or in fineness of texture and is more expensive for the reason that labor is cheaper in Mexico and that in Mexico the quarries have been opened long enough to have transportation facilities. In most cases in the United States the onyx is found in territory which is but little developed and in which both labor and transportation are high, and the deposits are owned by firms and individuals who have not the means necessary to develop them. The principal deposits in the United States are in Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Idaho, Connecticut, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Tennessee, Texas, and Washington."

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