The Delaware Stone and Building Industry in 1882
Mineral Resources of the United States, 1882
J. S. Powell, Director, Department of the Interior, United States
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1883.
Excerpts from the chapters on 1) "Structural Materials," and 2) "The Useful Minerals of the United States:
"The division of the Tenth Census charged with the collection of statistics of building stone obtained returns from 1,525 quarries in the United States, having an invested capital of $25,414,497, and producing during the year ending May 31, 1880, 115,380,133 cubic feet of stone, valued at $18,365,055. In value of total product, the leading States rank as follows: Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Massachusetts, Illinois, New York, Maine, and Connecticut; each of these States producing upwards of $1,000,000 worth of stone. Vermont, Illinois, Ohio, Iowa, Indiana, New York, and Missouri, in the order named, produce the most marble and limestone; Ohio, New York, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania, the greater part of the sandstone; Massachusetts and Maine quarry the most granite and other siliceous crystalline rocks; while Pennsylvania leads in product of slate."
Reported by John C. Smock.
Ores, minerals, and mineral substances of industrial importance, which are at present mined.
"Blue Rock": Churchman's quarry on Christiana creek; Clyde's quarry on Brandywine creek; Quarryville quarries, northeast of Brandywine quarries; quarries on Naaman's creek; Shell Rot Hill, northeast of Wilmington; Gilpin's mills on Brandywine, all in New Castle county. This rock is used as building stone.
Limestone: Jeane's, on Pike creek, New Castle county; Klair's, two miles west of Centreville, New Castle county; Bullock's on Brandywine, near Pennsylvania line, New Castle county.
Serpentine: Six miles northwest of Wilmington, New Castle county.The Delaware Stone and Building Industry in 1882