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The Connecticut Stone and Building Industry in 1882


Excerpts from

Mineral Resources of the United States, 1882
J. S. Powell, Director, Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey,
Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1883.

Excerpts from the chapters on 1) "Structural Materials," and 2) "The Useful Minerals of the United States:

"The division of the Tenth Census charged with the collection of statistics of building stone obtained returns from 1,525 quarries in the United States, having an invested capital of $25,414,497, and producing during the year ending May 31, 1880, 115,380,133 cubic feet of stone, valued at $18,365,055. In value of total product, the leading States rank as follows: Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Massachusetts, Illinois, New York, Maine, and Connecticut; each of these States producing upwards of $1,000,000 worth of stone. Vermont, Illinois, Ohio, Iowa, Indiana, New York, and Missouri, in the order named, produce the most marble and limestone; Ohio, New York, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania, the greater part of the sandstone; Massachusetts and Maine quarry the most granite and other siliceous crystalline rocks; while Pennsylvania leads in product of slate."



Reported by John C. Smock

Ores, minerals, and mineral substances of industrial importance, which are at present mined.

Flagging stone: Bolton, Tolland county, mica slate noted for their excellence.

Granite: Plymouth, Litchfield county; North Groton, New London county; Portersville, upper Mystic; Bridgeport, Fairfield county; Derby, New Haven county, Chatham, Middlesex county, syenitic granite.

Marble: New Preston, Litchfield county, dolomitic limestone; Milford, New Haven county.

Sandstone: Chatham, Middlesex county, celebrated quarries; Farmington, Hartford county; North Haven, New Haven county.

Trap Rock: Rocky Hill, Hartford county; East Rock, New Haven county; West Rock, New Haven county.

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