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Historical California Stone Carvers, Stone Cutters, & Monument Dealers

Citation List of Leeanna Rossi’s Research Notes

[Numbers 1 through 126] [Numbers 127 through 189] [Numbers 190 through 249]

The following research notes have been contributed by Leeanna Rossi, author of Headstones of the Gold Rush Era: Sculpting Masterpieces in Marble, Golden Notes, Vol. 43, Number 3, Fall 1997, Sacramento County Historical Society, Sacramento, California, 1997. (This booklet is available from the Sacramento Historic City Cemetery.) I want to thank Leeanna for contributing her notes to our web site so that other researchers can benefit from her many hours of hard work that these notes represent. If you have any questions regarding these notes, feel free to contact me. Peggy B. Perazzo.


1. 8th United States Census, California, Sacramento County, 1860, P 500, Devine: Patrick James; p 21, Thomas F.; p 316, John C. P 537, Israel Luce.

2. 9th United States Census, California, Sacramento County, 1870, P 340b, Devine, James Henry and John C. P. 388a, Israel & John Coachman Luce. (San Francisco census p. 391, Ellen Devine)

3. 10th United States Census, California, Sacramento County, 1880, P 180a, Aitken, Andrew. P 162b, William Boyne. P 163, Devine, James Henry; p 187a, John C.; p 192b, Ellen.

4. 12th United States Census, California, Sacramento County, 1900.

5. Dates from Sacramento Bee on Deaths, Marriages (probably no longer valid)

6. Sacramento County Great Registration, 1867, John C. Devine, date of registration 11/09/66.

7. Sacramento County Great Registration, 1868 (Sacramento: Russell & Winterburn, 1868) Andrew Aitken, (#7311; James Henry Devine, #5949.)

8. 1868 Sacramento County Voter Registration

9. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1872 (Sacramento: Record Printing House, 1872) Andrew Aitken, 46, date of registration 9/30/1868; William Boyne, 29, 1/29/1867; James Henry Devine, 22, 8/31/1867; John Charles Devine, 28, 11/9/1866; Frank Nicholas Fish, 22, 8/28/1869; Israel Luce, 41, 7/5/1866.

10. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1873 (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1873) P 2, Aitken; p 34, J.C. Devine; p 34, James Henry Devine; p 37, Frank Fish; p 84, Israel Luce.

11. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1879 (Sacramento: H. A. Weaver, Book & Job Printer, 1879) P 2, Aitken; P 12, William Boyne; p 34, J.C. Devine; p 43, Frank Fish; p 83, Israel Luce; p 83, John Coachman Luce.

12. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1882 (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1882) P 1, Aitken; P 9, William Boyne; p 25, J.C. Devine, J. H. Devine, Edward Devine (90 years 4/20/1836, Richmond VA); p 32, Frank Fish, 34, Anthony N. Fish, 30; p 61, Israel Luce, 57, John Coachman Luce, 27.

13. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1890 (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co, 1880)

14. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1892, (Sacramento: A. J. Johnston & Co., 1892) Aitken, p 1; Boyne, p. 14; Devines, p. 37; Fish, p 47; Luce, p. 93.

15. Sue Silver, Pieces of the Past, (Folsom: Victorian Secrets, 1995)

16. Sacramento County Marriage Certificate 1850-60.

17. Samuel Coville’s City Directory of Sacramento for 1854-55, collated, compiled and published by Samuel Coville (San Francisco: Monson and Valentine, 1854). P16 Brick Bldgs.; 1853 cor L/7 J Luce, Dwelling 20x30, cost $2,000; P61 Luce: Israel, stonecutter, dwelling L/7. P104 county hospital, I/J, org 7/1/53 : # adm 9/1/54 1,284, # 8 71, # remain 15, # disc 1,198. After pg 116 advertisement, Andrew Aitken, 7/L.

18. The Sacramento City Directory for 1860, compiled and published by D. S. Cutter & Co., (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1859), bet pages 4 & 5, advertisement Aitken & Co., Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 207 J 7/8, p 1 Aitken; p IV & V, Free and Accepted Masons, Sacramento Lodge no. 40, A. Aitken, “J.W.” P 31, Devine: Patrick James and Thomas R. with Devine & Brother Marble Works, 167 K; p V & VI, I.O.O.F., Eureka Lodge no. 4, treasurer. P 74, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Co. Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 207 J; p V & VI, I.O.O.F., Eureka Lodge No. 4, “V.G.” P XXIX, WHITE POPULATION OF SACRAMENTO CITY: Males over 21: 3426; Males under 21: 1315; Females, married: 1354; Females unmarried over 14: 444; Females under 14: 1253; plus floating population of 3000 totals: 10,990. COLORED POPULATION: single Males over 14: 118; Married Females: 94; Married Males: 92; Unmarried Females over 14: 45 ; Males under 11 years: 42; Females under 11: 35, totals 426. P XXIX, Business Occupations. Marble Works: 2; Marble Workers: 4; Stone Cutters: 6. (Same As 92.)

19. McKenney’s Sacramento City and County Directory for 1884-85, compiled by L. M. McKenney (San Francisco: L.M. McKenney & Co, 1884), p 66 Aitken & Fish proprietor of Pioneer Marble & Granite Works, 617 K; Aitken, dwelling 915 L; p 636, Marble Works: Aitken & Fish. P 87, Boyne & Co. Marble Works, (Wm. Boyne & Geo Holsberg), 712 K; William, dwelling 1223 16th; p 636, Marble Works: Boyne & Co. P 128, Devine: John C. Devine Marble Works, 724 K (with James Henry) dwelling 1126 P; James Henry, marble cutter (John C. Devine Marble Works) dwelling 724 K. P 147, Fish: Frank N. (Aitken & Fish) dwelling 715 M; Anthony N., marble cutter, (Aitken & Fish), dwelling 715 M; Morris N., stone cutter (Aitken & Fish), dwelling 715 M. P 226, Israel Luce & Co. Marble Works ( Israel & John Coachman Luce) 611 K; dwelling 711 M; John Coachman, (Israel Luce & Co) dwelling 1114 9th.

20. Sacramento Daily Record Union, XLIX 1474, 5/7/78, 4:8, Boyne, Marble Works, Boyne & Vosper. No. 204 K. Sacramento Daily Union, XLV 6873, 4/14/73, 3:3, Frank N. Fish Marble Works, 252 K, near 9th. 3:4, Aitken & Luce, Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K.

21. Sacramento County Death Certificate

22. Naturalization documents

23. t/c on mason documents

24. Sacramento County Marriage Certificate

25. County of Sacramento, Homestead documents: Vol. 6, p 544, Andrew Aitken; Vol. 6, p 404 John C. Luce.

26. Israel Luce: Sacramento Superior Court Probate no. 2569; John Coachman Luce: Sacramento Superior Court Probate no. 15907.

27. Samuel Coville’s City Directory of Sacramento for 1854-55, collated, compiled and published by Samuel Coville (San Francisco: Monson and Valentine, 1854) same as 17.

28. Coville’s Sacramento Directory, Vol. V, for the Year Commencing 8/1/55, compiled and published by Samuel Coville (Sacramento: James Anthony & Co. 1855), bet P 8-9, advertisement for Andrew Aitken, contractor for stone and marble work; P 10, Andrew Aitken, stonecutter. P 27, Devine, P.J. Devine Marble and Stone Yard, 2st L/M. P 54, Luce, Israel with Luce’s Hotel, cor 7/L.

29. Coville’s Sacramento Directory, Vol. VI, for the Year Commencing May 1856, collated and published by Samuel Coville (San Francisco: Monson, Valentine & Co., 1856) P XXVIII-XIX, “REVIEW OF SACRAMENTO: STONE AND MARBLE. A. Aitken, corner L and Seventh Streets, has an extensive establishment for dressing and preparing free stone for building purposes. The quarry from which his stone is obtained is at a point on the Consumnes River about thirty miles from this city, and it is of very desirable quality.”

P.J. Devine, Second Street between L and M, is largely engaged in Marble Ornaments of all kinds, from the mantel to the cenotaph. It seems by the following extract from the Placerville American, that neither our marble worker, or even the sculptor, has any occasion to go abroad for an abundance of this useful and enduring material, every variety of the best quality of it being readily obtained here in our own State: “Col. Henderson, whose duties as County Surveyor calls him to all parts of the county, is in possession of more facts, touring the geological formation of this portion of the State, than any other man. He informs us that at a point on the South Fork of the American River, one-fourth of a mile below its confluence, with Rock Creek, is an immense formation of the most beautiful variegated marble. And, also, that upon the Middle Fork of the Consumnes, three-fourths of a mile north-east from Slug Gulch, is another marble formation, differing from that of the South Fork, Ringgold or Marble Valley. These are, all of them, either variegated or ordinary white, while that of the Consumnes is of the most immaculate white. Nothing but the Sierra’s snows, that annually fall upon it, can approximate its whiteness.” P XXIII, REVIEW OF SACRAMENTO: ABSTRACT OF THE VITAL STATISTICS OF SACRAMENTO...P 1, Aitken; p 3, advertisement for Andrew Aitken, Contractor for STONE & MARBLE WORK. P 36, advertisement for MARBLE WORKS, P.J. DEVINE; p 40, P.J. Devine. (No Luce or others)

30. Sacramento Directory and Gazetteer for the Years 1857 and 1858, collated and published by I. N. Irwin (San Francisco: S. D. Valentine & Son, 1857) P XVII, Aitken, Free and Accepted Masons, Sacramento Lodge #40, elected “J.D.” P XXIII, FIRE DEPARTMENT: PROTECTION ENGINE CO., NO. 2 (Honey Bees) Motto - “Duty, tho’ in Peril.” House on Eighth street, bet J/K. Officers: Aitken, 1st Assistant; also elected as president of the FIRE DEPARTMENT BOARD OF DELEGATES; p 1, Aitken; p 5, advertisement for ANDREW AITKEN & CO. CONTRACTORS FOR STONE & MARBLE WORK, 217 J St. P XV, Devine, IOOF, Eureka Lodge #4, elected P.J. Devine “V.G.”; advertisement for MARBLE WORKS, K STREET, NEAR CORNER OF 6TH, P.J. DEVINE & BRO.; p 28, P.J. Devine. P 62, Israel Luce, no occupation.

31. The Sacramento City Directory for the Years 1861-62, compiled by H.J. Bidleman (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1861), p 98 advertisement for Aitken & Co.; p 131 advertisement for P.J. Devine & Bro. P 76, Luce, Israel of Aitken & Co. Marble Works, 103 K, residence 86 10th. (no Loveland ) (Same as 85.)

32. The Sacramento City and County Directory for 1869, compiled by Robert E. Draper (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1869), p 14, Aitken, dwelling Golden Eagle Hotel. P 59, Devine: J.C. with Devine Brothers and James Henry with James Henry Devine Marble Works, both at 216 K, dwelling L 5/6. P 122, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Co. and Supv. of City Cemetery. (Same as 89.)

33. The Sacramento Directory for the Year 1874, compiled by John F. Uhlhorn, (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1874), p XXVII, advertisement Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K; p 51, Aitken. P 68, Boyne, William, marble cutter with Aitken & Luce, dwelling 238 K 8/9. P 106, Devine: John Charles and James Henry with Devine & Brother Capital Marble Works, 216-18 K. P 192, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K. (Same as 95.)

34. McKenney’s District Directory for the years 1879-80, compiled by L.M. McKenney (San Francisco: L.M. McKenney & Co, 1880) P239, advertisement Aitken & Fish Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K, p 59 Andrew, residence L 9/10. P74 Boyne & Vosper Marble Work, 204 K, residence 238 K. P 105, J.C. Devine Marble Works and J.H. Devine at 216 K, residence P 11/12. P 118 Anthony and Morris Fish, with Aitken & Fish, residence 12 N/O. P 179 Israel Luce & Co Marble Works, 171 K (with J.C. Luce) residence 207 M. *Bronze advertisement 296.

35. 1889-90 Sacramento City & County Directory, 1889-90 (SF: F.M. Husted, 1889) P83, Andrew Aitken M & G W, 423 J, residence 915 L. P119 WM Boyne M & GW 1510 10th, residence 714 K. P187 Devine, James B att, JH stonecutter residence 726 Alley K/L, Ms. JC residence 1126 P. P217 Fish, Anthony stonecutter with Aitken, residence Alley 11/12 N/O, Frank, traveling agent with W H McCormick, SF, residence 1416 12th, Morris, marblecutter with Boyne, residence 11 K/L. P346 Luce, quarryman, residence 711 M, John Coachman & Co, 611 K, residence 1619 10th. P705 M & G W: Aitken, Boyne, Carlaw Bro., Jeremiah Carroll, JC Luce & Co.

36. Directory for Sacramento City & County for 1891-92 (Sac: HS Crocker Co 1981) P99 Aitken, A P M & G W, 423 J, residence 915 L. P130 Boyne, W, B M & G W, 1510 10th, residence 714 K. P 190 Devine: JC, stonecutter residence 723 Alley K/L 7/8. P218 Fish: Anthony marble cutter with Aitken, residence Alley 11/12 N/O, Frank, traveling agent, residence 1116 12th, Morris marble cutter, residence Alley L/M 4/5. P334 Luce: Luce & Glover MW 611 K, Israel marble dealer residence 711 M. P647 M & G W: Aitken, Carlaw Bro, J.C. Carroll, L & G.

37. 1896 City Directory, (San Francisco: F. M. Husted, 1896), Top Line advertisement, A. AITKEN, PIONEER GRANITE & MARBLE WORKS, 916 J; p 99, Andrew Aitken, dwelling 915 L; Andrew M. Aitken Jr., marble cutter with A. Aitken. P 127, William Boyne, dwelling 714 K. P 182, J.C. Devine, stone cutter, 726 alley bet 7/8 K/L; J. H. Devine, same dwelling. P 208, Fish: Anthony N., marble cutter with A. Aitken & Co., rms alley 11/12 N/O; Morris N., stone cutter with Luce & Glover, residence 414 Alley L/M. P 315, Luce: Israel, with Southern Pacific Co., dwelling 711 M; J.C. Luce with Luce & Glover Marble & Granite Works, 2430 10th; residence 1623 10th. P 15, City Government: Trustee: James H. Devine. (Same as 118,137.)

38. 1902 City Directory, (Sacramento: Home Directory Co., 1902), P 133, William Boyne, 714 K. P 200, J. H. Devine, City Trustee, 724 K. P 230, Anthony Fish, marble cutter, 11/12 N/O. P 354, J.C. Luce with Luce & Glover Marble & Granite Works, 2430 10th. P 36, City Government: Trustee, James H. Devine. (Same as 142.)

39. 1903 City Directory, (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1903), P 93, Andrew Aitken. P 128, William Boyne, 714 K. P 189, J. H. Devine, City Trustee 6th Ward, 724 K; J. C. Devine, same dwelling. P 219, Anthony Fish, marble cutter, 11/12 N/O. P 333, J.C. Luce with Luce & Glover Marble & Granite Works, 2430 10th. P 12, City Government: Trustee, James H. Devine. (Same as 143.)

40. 1904 City Directory, (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1904), P 93, Andrew Aitken. P 126, William Boyne, marble dealer, 714 K. P 187, J. H. Devine, 724 K. P 325, J.C. Luce with Luce & Glover Marble Works, 2430 10th. (Same as 144.)

41. Sacramento City Directory for 1914, V24 (Sacramento: Sacramento Dir Co, 1914) P270 Luce JC MW 2430 10th, residence 1623 10th. P530 M & G W: Carlaw Bro, J. Carroll, RH Harder, JC Luce, W C Rogers.

42. Sacramento City Directory for 1919 V29 (Sacramento: Sacramento Dir Co 1919) NP JC Luce MW 2430 10th, residence 1023 10th. M & G W: Carlaw Bro, J. Carroll, JC Luce, JP McCaffrey.

43. Sacramento City Directory for 1922 V32 (Sacramento: Sacramento Dir Co 1922) Np JC MW 2430 10th, residence 1623 10th. M & G W: Carlaw Bro, JC Luce, J McCaffrey.

44. History and Biographical Sketches of Sacramento County, 1902 P 1178: William H. Devine; P 637: James H. Devine.

45. Hon. Wm J. Davis, Illustrated History of Sacramento County, (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co, 1890), P 470-71: Israel Luce; p 785: James Broderick Devine.

46. Prof. J.M. Guinn, A.M., History of the Social and Biographical Record of the Sacramento Valley, California, (Chicago: Chapman Publishing Co., 1906)...p 153 marble and granite works in 1880 includes Aitken & Fish, Israel Luce & Co., John C. Devine, W. Boyne & Co. Brief history of Israel Luce and Aitken association. P 170: Israel Luce’s association with Knights of Honor, California Lodge no 1580; p 212: reference to Malby partnership. P 176: John C. Luce Native Sons of the Golden West reference. P 279: bio sketch of Aitken; p. 109: his association with Westminster Presbyterian Church; p 179: his association with Young Men’s Christian Association.

47. RIP

48. Edith Pitti, Selected Manufacturers and Makers on the J-K, Sixth-Seventh Street Block, report prepared by Edith Pitti, 1980.

49. Overland Monthly, Vol. I, (San Francisco: A. Roman & Co., 1868) p 116: P.J. Devine, Fair of 1864: “P.J. Devine, who had been formerly known for several years by his plaster busts of eminent men, exhibited a life-size child’s head in California white marble, which was well modeled, finely chiseled and full of natural expression. He has since executed a number of similar heads, his latest work in marble being a bust of Broderick for the monument on Lone Mountain, which is somewhat idealized as a portrait, but very well modeled and vigorously rendered.”

50. The California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences, Vol. XIII, 2/17/1860, #2, p 26: P.J. Devine: Marriage of Patrick James Devine to Ellen V. Lyons by Father Cassin on 2/17/1860.

51. The California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences, Vol. XXII, 9/23/1864, #9, 67:2, P.J. Devine: “Life size busts of Thomas Starr King” “Copies of the bust of the late Rev. Thomas Starr King by P.J. Devine, are soon to be issued to subscribers. The bust and subscription list may be seen at Mead & Van Tassel’s store, Montgomery Street or at Grant & Devine’s Marble Yard, Sutter Street, between Montgomery and Sansome Streets. The public are invited to see the autograph subscription list which comprises many of Mr. King’s personal friends.” “opinions of the press, The following criticisms are from the leading papers of the city: After the many attempts at busts of the late Thomas Starr King which have been made, it is gratifying at last to have one we can praise. It is a work of art, for expression is that as well as outline.” San Francisco Bulletin.

52. The California Farmer and Journal of Useful Sciences, Vol. XXII, 12/23/1864, #22, 172:4, P.J. Devine: “The late J.P. Buckley” “We have just been to visit the studio of a true artist, and have seen a bust of the late lamented J.P. Buckley, Esq., which has been finished by P.J. Devine. We do not wish to extol merit beyond its true desert, but we are confident that our country has not yet realized as it should the excellent abilities of the artist we name. Mr. Devine has made successfully the busts of Broderick, King and now Buckley, all perfect likenesses. We sincerely hope the public will begin not only to appreciate true merit, but to encourage it by giving order for models of ‘living men.’ There are a host of men whose models should be had while living. Why wait till the grave closes over all that is mortal before we set up these forms of men who are worthy of imitation. Let the friends of true artistic merit go see this last effort of Mr. Devine, and they will accord to him a high place in the roll of living artists.”

53. San Francisco Alta, Vol. XXII, 1/5/1870, #7229, 5:2, P.J. Devine, “Obituary. THE LATE P.J. DEVINE. EDITORS ALTA: The mortal remains of P.J. Devine were laid in their final resting place on Monday afternoon. We shall no longer enjoy his pleasant companionship: but there is a worthiness attached to his memory which should keep it free in the affections of old Californians. In the walks of private life he was amiable and generous to a fault. While a close observer of human character and quick to note any of its peculiarities, he kept himself aloof from all controversies likely to involve ceremonious feelings. Thus his life, although at no time obtrusive, was pursued in a manner to gain him many friends and command universal respect. He came to the State in 1854, and established himself as a stone cutter in Sacramento. His genius aspired to something higher than the mere fashioning of monuments and carving of mantels. He felt that there was a divinity within him capable of distinguished achievement in sculpture, and without instruction of any kind, he tried his chisel upon several subjects, cutting them into comely shapes; and if not entirely realizing his expectations, at least proving to his own satisfaction that he had only to persevere in order to become eminent. As a preliminary measure to success, he practiced making figures in clay, which he worked with his hands, without the aid of moulds or models. His earliest work was a medallion of Senator McDougall, fashioned from memory, and pronounced by his friends an excellent likeness. Then followed his medallion of Wm. I. Ferguson, his busts of John B. Weller, David O. Broderick, Thomas Starr King and Samuel H. Parker, which established his reputation and caused him to be spoken of in praise wherever his name was mentioned or his works exhibited. In 1868 he was awarded the elegant gold medal of the State Agricultural Society (over many worthy competitors in the art class) for a marble bust of his own children. Last year he took premiums from the same society - one for the bust entitled, ‘A Lady,’ and another for an ideal bust of ‘California.’ His rapidly failing health prevented him from giving to these the finish he intended, if his life had been spared. He was an exhibitor of his productions in plaster and sculpture perhaps a dozen times before the different State, District and other Fairs held within the last fifteen years, and on every occasion took a premium. The beautiful and life-like bust of Mr. Broderick, which occupies a niche in his monument at Lone Mountain, was executed by Mr. Devine. The massive vaulted granite tomb of the Hensleys, in the Catholic Cemetery was also erected by him. Indeed, both the Protestant and Catholic cemeteries contain many stately tombs and elegantly carved slabs to attest his industry and talent. His latest contract was furnishing the mantles and other marble work of the State Capitol at Sacramento. The job was nearly completed under his personal superintendence, when his strength failed him, and he found it necessary to repair to his family in San Francisco, where he took his bed, from which he never afterwards arose. He was confined for a period of about six weeks, until the morning of the 1st of January, when his spirit winged its flight to Heaven. His disease was pulmonary consumption, from which he has suffered more or less, and been gradually declining for four or five years. Unfortunately Mr. Devine, like too many other men of genius, has departed leaving a fond wife and three beautiful children almost entirely unprovided for. His nature was so noble and his heart so susceptible to the appeals of charity that he gave on all occasions for the benefit of others, without indulging a thought of himself. The author of this humble tribute has known him well for sixteen years, in the bonds almost of brotherly affection, and could not see so good a man pass from among the living without bearing some slight testimony to his many shining virtues. W. Bausman.”

54. Sacramento Union, Vol. XII, #1782, 12/11/56, 2:4, Aitken, P.J. Devine, “THE CITY. City Cemetery. A tomb for the reception of the remains of the late Capt. Houston, commander of the steamer Belle, who was killed by the explosion of the boiler in January last, has recently been erected by A. Aitken, in the City Cemetery. It is constructed of brick, having a base of five feet on a foundation of heavy plank, the soil beneath having been previously well rammed. The brick work, which is paneled, is 2 1/2 feet in hight (sic) and of solid masonry, with the exception of a space sufficient to receive the coffin, is capped with a slab of Italian marble, highly finished, 8 feet in length, by 3 feet 1 inch in width, surmounted by an elaborate headstone from the chisel of P.J. Devine. Mr. Green is engaged at his shop, corner of I and Front Streets, in constructing an ornamental iron fence to enclose the plot. The entire work will probably be finished this week. Mr. Aitken is also employed in getting out the granite posts - forty in number - to enclose the Fire Department plot in the cemetery, and a committee was appointed at the meeting of the Board of Delegates on Tuesday evening, to clear off the ground and put it in complete order. Much commendable interest is being manifested in the adornment of this receptacle of the remains of the dead, which has hitherto borne such a bleak and barren appearance.”

55. San Francisco Alta, Vol. XXII, 1/2/70, #7226, 1:4, P.J. Devine, his death on 1/1/1870. He was engaged in making decorations for the new State Capitol at Sacramento. Native of Galway, Ireland, age 38.

56. San Francisco Alta, Vol. XXII, 1/3/1870, #7227, 1:3, P.J. Devine, his funeral at 3 p.m. from his residence, corner Bush and Scott Streets.

57. San Francisco Alta, Vol. XVI, 4/2/1864, #5144, 1:2, P.J. Devine, Bust of Rev. Thomas Starr King on view at Grant & Devine Marble Yard, Sutter Street between Montgomery and Sansome in San Francisco. “Entitled to rank high as art work.”

58. San Francisco Evening Bulletin, Vol. XVIII, #53, 6/8/1864, 3:4, P.J. Devine, “THE NEVINS MONUMENT. Grant & Devine, marble-cutters of this city, have nearly completed the monument to the memory of the late Col. T.J. Nevins, the first Superintendent of Public Schools in San Francisco. It will be remembered that his remains were brought hither from Nevada Territory, where he was drowned in 1861. The Legislature authorized the Board of Education to appropriate $650 towards defraying the cost of the monument to his memory, the remainder of the amount needed being contributed by citizens. The monument is to be erected in Lone Mountain, and will be ready to set up some time next week. It is cut from Tuolumne county marble, and will be seventeen feel high, above the plinth, which is of Angel Island sandstone. The marble base, resting on this plinth, is 2 feet 10 inches square, and 1 foot 6 inches high. On this will rest the die, above that a cap or c rulce (?), supporting a tapering shaft, the whole surmounted by an elegant capital and urn. One side of the shaft bears a medallion bust of the deceased, which was modeled and cut by Mr. Devine. On one side of the die appears this inscription: ‘Thomas J. Nevins; Born in Hanover, H.H., June 5, 1795; died in Silver City, N.T., January 14, 1861.’ Another side bears this inscription: ‘The first Agent of the American Tract Society on this coast; a Pioneer in the interests of Religion, Temperance, Charity and good Morals; and a promoter of the organization and labors of many leading associations for the advancement of the Public Welfare.’ A third side bears the following: ‘The Board of Education and Citizens of San Francisco unite in erecting this Monument to his memory as the Founder of Common Schools in this city and State, and as the First Superintendent of Common Schools in San Francisco.’ The monument is designed with much taste, and the California marble of which it is formed is a hard and handsome stone.”

59. San Francisco Examiner, Vol. CXXIII, #107, 10/15/1925, 21:7, P.J. Devine, “SEN. BRODERICK BUST FOUND IN JUNK SHOP. EXAMINER BUREAU, SACRAMENTO. Oct 14. - Rescued from a Sacramento junk shop, a bust of Senator David C. Broderick of San Francisco, who was killed in a duel near the bay city on September 13, 1859, was today presented to the State Library by Albert Dressler, San Francisco collector of historic relics. Senator Broderick, whose bust was made by F.J. Devine (sic) was Senator from San Francisco at the first three sessions of the State Legislature, served as Lieutenant Governor in 1851 and 1852 and later won a place in the United States Senate. The famous duel which resulted in Senator Broderick’s death was fought by him with Judge David S. Terry of the State Supreme Court.”

60. Sacramento Bee, Vol. 138, #22464, 10/21/1925, 36:3, P.J. Devine, “LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. ONLY TWO BRODERICK BUSTS KNOWN TO EXIST. ONE OF THESE WAS PRESENTED BY THE SCULPTOR TO THE LATE JAMES McCLATCHY. I saw an article in the Bee the other day telling of the finding of a plaster of Paris bust of United States Senator David C. Broderick, who was killed in a duel by Judge David S. Terry. Your article states that the bust, from which the cast was taken, was made by F.J. Devine (sic), a sculptor in the year of Broderick’s death. That little item makes my memory run back to the time when I was a reporter on the Bee, and Judge James B. Devine, a nephew of the sculptor mentioned, was he not? - often sat on the bench in the police court, and M.J. Desmond was clerk of the court, and it was my duty to remain and see what kind of an excuse ‘handsome’ Brady could make for his latest indiscretion. And when I picture myself as one of the combination of individuals there, I visualize that old courtroom at Front and I Streets; and I see in front of the judge or above him at the back of his seat a bust of David C. Broderick, a plaster cast, and I wonder if this is not the self-same cast that has been turned over to the state library by Albert Dressler, a San Francisco collector of historic relics. If so, what has been its adventure since those old days? Did Judge Devine take it with him when he left the bench? Did it after the death of that lamented man, find its way into other hands at Sacramento and bring up somewhere in San Francisco? Possibly there were other casts of the same bust and that the one I remember is not the one that Mr. Dressler has given to the state. But I do recall that Judge Devine highly valued his. Am I mistaken when I think that Judge James B. Devine’s middle name was Broderick, given him in memory of the senator? E.J. Devlin Santa Cruz, October 17, 1925...James B. Devine’s middle name was Broderick. The only other plaster of Paris bust of Broderick that is known to exist is the one in the Sacramento Bee office, which the late F.J. Devine (sic) gave to the late James McClatchy.”

61. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:144, P.J. Devine, Advertisement for proposals on mantles. “Sealed proposals will be received by the Board of State Capitol Commissioners, at their office (the Governor’s) in Sacramento, until the 31st instant, M., for 55 light-colored. California MARBLE MANTLES for the Capitol Building, described as follows: No. 1 - 4 feet 4 inches high; brest 5 feet 2 inches; self 6 feet 3 inches by 1 foot 3 inches; 3 inches thick, enriched edge. Four plasters, with sculptured heads, enriched caps and belt; flowered scroll centre piece, containing Crest and Arms of the State; 6-inch moulded base; grate 2 feet 4 inches. Eight in number. No. 2 - 4 feet high; self 5 feet 8 by 1 foot 1/2 inches thick; brest 4 feet 6 inches; enriched bed; mould and flowered key-stone; 4 moulded and flowered panels 1/4 inches deep; 6 inch base; 2 feet grates. Twenty in number. No. 3 - Shelf 3 feet 8 inches; 10 inches wide, 1 inch thick; brest 3 feet 3 inches; 3 feet 10 inches high; 2 bed and belt mouldings; 2 sunk panels, plan jambs; 5 inch base; grate 1 foot 9 inches. Twenty-seven in number. Any other designs, presented with the material and prices affixed, will be received. The bid must include the completion of the Mantle grates and in its place. The Contractor will be required to give bonds for the faithful performance of the work. The commissioners reserve to themselves the right to reject any or all of the bids. Further information can be obtained by application at this office G.P. Cummings, Architect.”

62. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:73, P.J. Devine, Contract for Mantles. “State Capitol of California. Architect’s Office, Sacramento, Jan. 28, 1869. The undersigned hereby contracts and agrees for himself his heirs and executors with G.P. Cummings, architect of the State Capitol on behalf of the Board of Capitol Commissioners: To erect, finish and complete all the mantles for the State Capitol from adopted designs No. 1, 2, & 3. The number of each as may be required. The Board of Commissioners having the right to lessen or increase the number of each specified mantle. Any that said material shall be the best Italian light colored marble that each piece and every part of said work shall be to the satisfaction and meet the acceptance of said architect. Said contract is to include all the material, carriage?, labor, grates, setting etc. It is further understood that all the above work required shall be completed before the middle of October 1869. And that in consideration for the above the undersigned shall receive the payment of State Capitol warrants as follows for no. 1: four hundred and fifty five dollars; for no. 2: one hundred and eighty dollars; and for no. 3: seventy three dollars and fifty cents (each?). Said payments to be made as each part of the work is completed, or such part of it as can be fairly valued as the work progresses. Witness my hand and seal this 28th day of Jan. 1869. P.J. Devine, G.P. Cummings, witness at signing Ambros Morris.”

63. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:131, J.C. Devine & Bro., Receipt for marble slabs. “Sacramento April 23, 1870. State of California. To J.C. Devine & Bro. for four marble slabs for the New State Capitol Building at $33.00. Rec payment, J.C. Devine & Bro.”

64. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:131, J.C. Devine & Bro., Receipt for marble items. “Sacramento Oct 26th 1871. State Capitol. To J.C. Devine & Bro. July 25th four sicl sills for windows measuring 15 feet at $1.25 per foot - $18.75; July 26th one large heater cover 1/4 thick measuring 17 feet 3 inches at $2.00 per superficial foot - $34.50; One of second size 1/4 inch thick measuring 8 feet 6 inches - $17.00; two slabs of marble for work (wash?) slabs measuring 4 feet 6 at $2.00 per foot - $9.00; Oct 25th twelve large heater covers 1 inch thick 17 feet 3 inch each at $1.30 per foot - $269.04 equals $348.29 less discount on script $52.25 received payment of $400.54.”

Second receipt: “Sacramento Oct 26th 1871. State Capitol. To J.C. Devine & Bro. to two hundred and seventy circular pieces of marble bases for heaters at $1.25 each totaling $337.50 plus prior receipt of $400.54 equals $738.04.”

65. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:131, J.C. Devine & Bro., Receipt for marble items. (on J.C. Devine & Bro billing) “Sacramento, Dec. 16, 1871. to State Capitol, bought of J.C. Devine & Bro. dealers in domestic and Italian marble, nos. 216 and 218 K Street. Dec. 4th four extra circular base blocks with moulding and polished for large heater - $5.00; Dec. 6th two men taking down grate and setting same - $7.50; polishing and cleaning mantle piece - $5.50; Dec. 9th one sub sill for window - $6.50; Dec. 14th setting sill and cleaning and ? mantle piece two men - $5.00 totaling $29.50 less discount on script - $7.62 equaling $37.12.”

66. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:127, Aitken & Luce, (on Aitken & Luce billing) (outside of bill states for iron work) “Sacramento, Nov. 25th, 1872. State of California to Aitken & Luce, Premium Pioneer Marble Works. Monuments, Tomb and Grave Stones, Mantles, Table Tops, Wash Stands, etc., All kinds of work done in Indian Diggings, Italian and Vermont Marble. Marble at wholesale and retail. 177 K Street, between sixth and seventh. Oct. 29 basket for grate - $3.00; set firebricks - $2.00; Oct. 31 basket for grate - $3.00; Nov. 1 basket for grate - $3.00; Nov. 2 basket for grate - $3.00 totaling $14.00.”

67. San Francisco Call, Vol. LXXXIV, #137, 10/15/1898, 14:2, I. Luce, “DEATH OF A PIONEER. Israel Luce, a pioneer of Sacramento, died very suddenly in the latter city yesterday morning. He was a brother-in-law of J.C. Stubbs, third vice president of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company and has two sons in the employ of the same company - G.W. Luce, assist. and general freight and passenger agent at Los Angeles and Charles S. Luce, in the freight department of this city. Both of his sons leave for Sacramento today to attend the funeral.”

68. Sacramento Record Union, Vol. LXXXVI, #148, 2/10/1894, 6:4, Israel Luce poems “The Vacant Chairs.” Sacramento Record Union, Vol. LXXXVII, #9, 3/3/1894, 6:6, “Is There No God?” Sacramento Record Union, Vol. LXXXVII, #51, 4/21/1894, 7:3, “The Despised and Forsaken.”

69. Sacramento Bee, Vol. 197, #31859, 10/25/1955, C10:3, Israel Luce by granddaughter (daughter of John Coachman Luce) obit of Ethel Lee, Israel with Luce & Luce Granite and Monument Works, 10th/Broadway.

70. Sacramento Bee, Vol. 216, #35084, 2/19/1965, C10:1, Israel Luce by granddaughter obit of Myrtle Everett, Israel helped build Sutter Lumber Mill at Coloma in El Dorado County. Also associated with John A. Sutter in the establishment of Sutter’s Fort.

71. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing July 1860, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Valentine & Co., 1860) p 146 Grant: Charles B, stone yard, Ss* Folsom 1/Fremont, dwelling Ws Fremont Folsom/Harrison; John, marble yard, Ss Market op Montgomery, dwelling Ss Townsend 2/3. P 364, Marble Yards: Grant, John, Market op Montgomery. (* south side of)

72. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing June 1859, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Commercial Steam Presses: Valentine & Co., 1859) p 453 advertisement forJohn Grant, Marble Manufacturer, and Dealer in Marble, Freestone and Granite. Marble Monuments, Chimneys, Tables and Counter Tops, etc. All work in the above branches will be done at the lowest prices. Market Street, opposite Montgomery, San Francisco.” P 401-2, Cemeteries: “Cemetery, Lone Mountain. 2 ½ miles W from Montgomery and directly opposite California; road mostly traveled leads from Bush. This cemetery was dedicated in June, 1854 and is the property of private individuals, whose design is to incorporate soon. It contains an area of 160 acres. The grounds are beautifully undulating, with avenues leading through the ravines and then gradually rising to an eminence, from which you have a commanding view of the surrounding country. On the south three-eights of a mile distant, stand the celebrated Lone Mountain, a lofty conical shaped hill, from which the cemetery derives its name. On the east lies the city and the bay with the villages of Oakland, Alameda and Clinton, and in the distance Mount Diablo. On the north may be seen the Bay of San Pablo, Angel’s and Alcatraz Islands, Saucelito (sic) Bay and village, and the entrance to the Golden Gate. On the west in the distance, you have the Farrallon (sic) Island and the Pacific Ocean, the roar of whose waves are sounding a continual requiem as if to sooth the spirits of the dead. The shrubbery is mostly evergreen, containing more than twenty different kinds of flowering shrubs. About 3,000 interments have already been made within the inclosure, and the improvements now made and others designed with its natural beauties, bid fair to make this rival any of the rural cemeteries of the Atlantic States. Officers-Trustees, David S. Turner, Samuel M. Bowman and John Perry, Jr.; Treasurer, W.F. Herrick; Superintendent, Joseph H. Atkinson. On the grounds is erected a receptacle vault capable of containing 50 bodies-also, a chapel; First interment June 28, 1854. Monthly average of interments at this cemetery, 76. Office, 171 1/2 Washington.” Other cemeteries: “Roman Catholic. Mission Dolores, under charge of the church.” “Yerba Buena. Is bounded SE by Market, N by McAllister and W by Larkin.” P 133, Grant: Charles B., stone-cutter, dwelling Nr Fremont Folsom/ Harrison. JOHN, marble yard 91 Montgomery, dwelling Ss Townsend 2/3. (1872, Lone Mountain Cemetery changed to Laurel Hill Cemetery -84)

73. The Victorian (British Columbia ) Business Directory for 1860, published by Edw Mallandaine & Co., March 1860, p 31, advertisement for Nathaniel Gray, undertaker, 155 Sacramento St., cor. of Webb, San Francisco, Cal. Iron and Wood Grave Enclosure and Marble Tomb Stones, furnished to order. Also, coffin trimmings. Bodies shipped to me for Interment in the Atlantic States or the European Continent, will be sent by me promptly in suitable Coffins, to suit all interested, by the first conveyance, either at death or after interment. From the long experience in this branch of my profession, I am satisfied that I can warrant satisfaction. Bodies Interred at the ‘Lone Mountain Cemetery,’ will be charged according to the following rates: Prices of Lots, etc.: Lots on Avenues, per superficial foot, 50 cts. Lots on Paths, 33 1/3 cts. Single Burials: In Chain Plot, for adult, $15. Children, in Children’s Plot, $10. In Common Plot, each $5. This includes opening and filling each grave. Opening and Filling Graves in Private Lots: For adults, $6, For Children, $4. Vault Charges: For adults per month, $3. For Children, $2. One week free of charge to purchasers of a lot. Bodies remaining in the vault over ten days, if not enclosed in lead, will be subject to burial at the option of the Superintendent of the grounds. Size of Fence in Children’s Plot, 3 by 6 feet; other single graves, 3 1/2 by 7; not to exceed 3 feet in height.

74. The San Francisco Almanac for the Year 1859, A Business Directory of San Francisco, Sacramento, Marysville and Stockton, (San Francisco: W.F. Herrick and Octavian Hoogs, 1859) p 135 advertisement for “Premium Marble Works, K Street, corner 6th, Sacramento. P. J. Devine & Brother, manufacturers and Dealers in Marble Mantels, Grates, Monuments, Tomb and Grave Stones, Table and Counter Tops, Tile, Freestone Sills and Lintels, etc., etc. Sculpture, Hebrew, German Text and English lettering, on Tomb Stones, etc., executed in the best manner, at the lowest prices. Orders from the Interior promptly attended to. N.B.: P.J. Devine & Brother received the Diploma and First Premium at the late Industrial State and Mechanics Fairs, for Sculpture and Ornamental Design.” P 132 Marble Works in Sacramento: P.J. Devine & Bro. 165 K; Aitken & Co., 217 J. P 116 Marble and Granite Yards in San Francisco: Grant, John 91 Montgomery.

75. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing 1861, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Commercial Steam Presses: Valentine & Co., 1861) p 157, Grant: Charles B., stone yard, 411 Folsom, dwelling 324 Fremont. P 395 Marble Yards: Grant, John, Market op Montgomery (more if needed). P 403 sculptors if needed.

76. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing September 1862, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Commercial Steam Presses: Valentine & Co., 1862) p 128, Devines: John C., marble cutter with Myers & Hagan, dwelling 531 Market; Thomas F., marble cutter, dwelling 828 Market. P 175 Grant: Charles B., stone yard, 411 Folsom, dwelling 324 Fremont ; John, marble yard, Market op Montgomery.

77. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing October 1863, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Excelsior Steam Presses: Towne & Bacon, 1863) p 122, Devine: Patrick J (Grant & Devine) dwelling Ns Townsend 2/3; T. F., stone cutter, dwelling Oriental Hotel; Thomas F., marble worker, dwelling NW cor Jones and O'Farrell. P 164, Grant: CHARLES B., stone yard, cor Bush and Cemetery Avenue, dwelling 322 Fremont; GRANT (John) & DEVINE (P.J.) marble yard, 12 Sutter, dwelling 141 Townsend. P 424 Marble Yard: Grant, John, 12 Sutter.

78. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing October 1864, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Excelsior Steam Presses: Towne & Bacon, 1864) p 132, Devine: Patrick J. (GRANT & DEVINE) dwelling 28 Stanford. P 179 Grant: CHARLES B., granite and stone yard, SE cor Bush and Cemetery Avenue, Lone Mountain, office 411 Folsom, dwelling 322 Fremont; GRANT (John) & DEVINE (P.J.) marble yard, 12 Sutter, dwelling 141 Townsend; JOHN, marble yard, Es Cemetery Avenue, bet Post and Sutter, Lone Mountain (and GRANT & DEVINE). P 467, Marble Yard: Grant & Devine, 12 Sutter; Grant, John, Lone Mountain.

79. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing December 1865, compiled by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Excelsior Steam Presses: Towne & Bacon, 1865) p 149, Devine: P.J., marble cutter, dwelling 28 Stanford Townsend/Brannan. P 201, Grant: Charles B., stone yard, Ns King 3/4, dwelling 322 Fremont; John, Columbia Marble Yard, Es Cemetery Avenue Post/Sutter, dwelling 141 Townsend. P 514, Marble Yard: Grant C. B., King nr Third; Grant, John, Lone Mountain.

80. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing September 1867, compiled and published by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Henry G. Langley, 1867) p 164, Devine: P. J., marble cutter, dwelling Ws Stanford near Townsend. P 220, Grant: Charles B., stone yard, Ns King 3/4, dwelling 322 Fremont; John, Columbia Marble Yard and contractor, Es Cemetery Avenue bet Post and Sutter dwelling 141 Townsend; John L., stone cutter Fort Point. P 580, Stone Yard: Grant, Charles B; John.

81. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing October 1868, compiled and published by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Henry G. Langley, 1868) p 179, Devine: Patrick J., marble cutter, dwelling Ns Bush Scott/Devisadero. P 247, Grant: Charles B., stone yard, Ns King 3/4, dwelling 322 Fremont; John, marble yard, cor Post and Cemetery Avenue, dwelling Center Place nr Brannan. P 647, Marble Yard: Grant, John, Lone Mountain.

82. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing December 1869, compiled and published by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Henry G. Langley, 1869) p 194, Devine: Patrick J., stone cutter, dwelling Ns Bush Scott/Devisadero. P 270, Grant: Charles B., stone yard, Ns King 3/4, dwelling 322 Fremont. P 740, Stone Yard: Grant, Charles, Ns King 3/4.

83. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing April 1871, compiled and published by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Henry G. Langley, 1871) p 205, Devine: Ellen E. (widow) dwelling NW cor Bush/Scott; Thomas, (DEVINE & MANNING) dwelling 520 Sutter, rear. P 422 DEVINE (Thomas F.) & MANNING (Dennis R.) dwelling 620 Brannan. P 285-6, Grant: Charles B., stone cutter, dwelling 322 Fremont.

84. The San Francisco Directory for the Year Commencing March 1872, compiled and published by Henry G. Langley, (San Francisco: Henry G. Langley, 1872), p 190, Devine: DEVINE & MANNING dissolved and no listing of Thomas F.

85. The Sacramento City Directory for the Years 1861-62 (Same as 31.)

86. Mears’ Sacramento Directory for the Years 1863-64, compiled and published by Leonard Mears (Sacramento: A. Badlam, 1863), p 87, Luce, Israel with Aitken & Co., also Supv of City Cemetery. P 50 Aitken.

87. The Sacramento Directory for 1866, compiled and published by Robert E. Draper (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1866), p 43, Aitken. P 70, Devine: J.C. with James Henry Devine Marble Works, 155 K, dwelling L 5/6. P 110, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Co.

88. The Sacramento City and County Directory for 1868, compiled by Robert E. Draper (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1868), p 76, Aitken. P 108, Devine: J.C. with James Henry Devine Marble Works, 155 K, also Devine Brothers at same place, dwelling L 5/6. P 160, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Co. and Supv of City Cemetery.

89. The Sacramento City and County Directory for 1869. (Same as 32.)

90. McKenney’s Sacramento Directory for 1870, compiled by L. M. McKenney (Sacramento: Russell & Winterburn, 1870), p 48 Aitken & Luce; Aitken. P 101, Devine: J.C. and J.H. with Devine & Brother Marble Works, 216-18 K. P 189, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K; Supv of City Cemetery.

91. The Sacramento Directory for the Year commencing January 1871, compiled and published by H.S. Crocker & Co., (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1871), p Li, advertisement Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works; p 179 Aitken. P 194, Boyne, William, marble cutter, with Aitken & Luce, residence 240 K 8/9. P 223, Devine: J C and J H with J. C. Devine & Brother Marble Works, 216-18 K. P 297, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K, dwelling 207 M.

92. The Sacramento City Directory for the Year 1860 (Same as 18.)

93. The Sacramento Directory for the Year commencing January 1872, compiled and published by H.S. Crocker & Co., (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1872), p 88, Aitken & Co., Premium Marble Works, (A. Aitken and I. Luce) 177 K; p 88, Aitken. P 99, Boyne, William, marble cutter, with Aitken & Co., residence 240 K 8/9. P XXX, advertisement John C. Devine & Bro., Capital Marble Works, 216 and 218 K; p 117, Devine: John Charles and James Henry with J. C. Devine & Brother, Capital Marble Works. P 167, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Marble Works, 177 K.

94. The Sacramento Directory for the Year 1873, compiled by John F. Uhlhorn, (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1873), p XXXV, advertisement Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K; p 136, Aitken. P 218, Devine: John Charles and James Henry with J. C. Devine & Brother Marble and Granite Works, 216-18 K. (P.J. Devine’s wife Ellen moved back to Sacramento and runs a lodging house at 3/K) P XXXIV, advertisement Frank N. Fish Marble Works, 252 K near 9th. P 333, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K.

95. The Sacramento Directory for the Year 1874 (Same as 33.)

96. The Sacramento Directory for the Year 1875, compiled by John F. Uhlhorn, (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1875), p XXIX, advertisement Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K; p 140, Aitken. P 165, Boyne & Thompson (A.C. Thompson) Marble Dealers, 200 K, dwelling 238 K 8/9. P 219, Devine: John Charles and James Henry with J. C. Devine Marble Works, 216-18 K. P 341, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K, dwelling 207 M st.; John Coachman Luce, marble cutter, Wm. G. Luce, marble cutter, Geo. W. Luce, marble cutter, all same dwelling.

97. Golden Era, Vol. XII, #18, 4/3/64, 4:2, P.J. Devine, “BUST OF THE LATE THOMAS STARR KING. P.J. Devine, on Sutter street, between Montgomery and Sansome, has just completed a bust of the late Mr. King, which, even in the clay, exhibits a fidelity of likeness and artistic grace, that has not yet been equaled. Though retaining the general outline of the plastic mask taken from lifeless features, Mr. Devine has gone further, and transfused something of the living eloquence and vital energy of the great Orator into his work. The lines of the mouth - Mr. King’s most changeful and expressive feature - are touched and retouched with a conscientious ability and patience, that show the true artist. Nor has Mr. Devine fallen into the error of others who have represented the deceased with a aquiline nose, by copying the mask, ‘not wisely but too well,’ that piculair (sic) depression caused by the relaxation of muscles in death. A striking feature of this really creditable work, is the treatment of the swell of the eyelid, wherein, by a few characteristic touches, the sculptor has been enabled to give the orbless eye an animation and character rarely seen in statuary. The friends of Mr. King, who have critically watched Mr. Devine’s progress, express themselves highly satisfied with the result.”

98. Board of State Capitol Commissioners, 1860-1911, F3580:118, Receipt for stone cutters and laborers. Weekly billing 1889, superintendent was J. Carroll Jr. who received $7.00 per day supervising; stonecutters received $4.00 per day; laborers received $3.00 per day; tool sharpener received $4.00 per day; masons received $4.00 per day.

99. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. IX, #1397, 8/2/61, 3:1, P.J. Devine, “W.I. Ferguson. Our attention was called today to the monument being constructed by Devine & Brother for the purpose of making the resting place of our late State Senator W. I. Ferguson. The monument will be made entirely of California marble quarried in Tuolumne County, and promises to be a piece of workmanship. It is thought that in about a month the monument will be placed in the City Cemetery.”

100. Sacramento Daily Union, Vol. XLII, #7288, 9/22/71, 3:5, J.C. Devine & Bro., on the 1871 Fair “J.C. Devine & Bro., of this city, have set up in the lower hall 2 most beautiful marble mantels, and some specimens of monumental work. The work of this firm always speaks for itself.”

101. Sacramento Bee, Vol. 201, #32462, 9/28/1957, D20:6, editorial page. P.J. Devine, “P.J. Devine owned a newly completed Italian marble mantel which was judged to be the finest piece of workmanship of its kind ever executed in California or imported from the East. Devine planned to exhibit it at the State Agricultural Fair in Stockton, San Joaquin County.” (Same as 106.)

102. Sacramento Bee, Vol. 204, #33021, 6/18/1959, D8:6, editorial page. P.J. Devine, “An Alto Relievo medallion of the late William I. Ferguson, modeled by P.J. Devine, is on exhibit at the Union Hotel. It is half the size of life, is modeled from recollection and reflects much credit on the artist.”

103. Sacramento Bee, Vol. 205, #33148, 10/23/1959, D8:6, editorial page. P.J. Devine, “Our fellow townsman, P.J. Devine, lately completed a bust of the late honorable D. C. Broderick which was adjudged by all who saw it here to be remarkably fine. He took it to San Francisco a few days since to place it in competition with a bust lately completed by an artist of that city, but the work by Devine is so infinitely superior in every respect there is really no competition.”

104. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. XI, #1587, 3/14/62, 2:3, P.J. Devine, Premium Marble Works, P.J. Devine, corner of F and 6th st.

105. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. VIII, #1096, 8/13/60, 3:1, P.J. Devine, “California MARBLE. On Saturday last, Devine & Brother, of this city received six tons of marble quarried out at Indian Gulch, in Amador County. This marble is of very fine grain and almost perfectly white - the blue veins which so distinguish the Indian Diggings marble being hardly perceptible in the new importation. About fifty tons have already been quarried, which will be brought to this city and transported as specimen blocks to San Francisco and New York. The further the workmen get into the ledge the better the marble appears, and having reached a point now where the stone is almost spotless, they are engaged in getting out the monuments to be erected to the memory of the late Senator Ferguson and the deceased children of Wilson Flint. It is the opinion of marble workers that the article from this Indian Gulch quarry far surpasses any marble ever before found in this State. Persons who wish to make an examination and test the truth of our statement, can see specimens of the marble in front of Devine & Bro’s shop, on K Street, between fifth and sixth.”

106. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. II, #198, 9/21/57, 3:1, P.J. Devine, “FOR THE FAIR. Mr. P.J. Devine has at his establishment on K Street near sixth, an Italian marble mantle just completed, which is pronounced by good judges to be the finest piece of workmanship ever executed in this State or imported here from the East. It is the intention of Mr. Devine to send this piece of workmanship on Thursday next to the State agricultural fair at Stockton. Those who desire to see it therefore must call at his place previous to that time. It was his original design to have sent it to the Mechanics’s Fair at San Francisco but its completion in time was found to be impracticable. Sacramento may not be fully represented at these exhibitions but many of the specimens of workmanship contributed will reflect upon her the highest credit.”

107. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. VI, #931, 2/1/60, 3:1, P.J. Devine, “ACKNOWLEDGMENT. By the last mail, P.J. Devine, of this city, received a letter from the Mayor of the city of New York, from which we have been allowed to make the following extracts: MAYOR’S OFFICE New York, 27th December, 1859. To P.J. Devine, Esq: Dear Sir: Your letter of the 19th of November offering a bust, modeled by you of the late Hon. D.C. Broderick, to the city of New York, has been received, and I have laid the same before the Common Council. I have much pleasure in stating that your gift has been accepted by the municipal authorities and will be placed as you desire. I take this opportunity on behalf of the Common Council, to render you their thanks for the bust of the late talented and distinguished Senator of California. Wishing you health and success in your noble art. I remain, very respectfully, Dan'l F. Tieman, Mayor.”

108. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. I, #121, 6/22/57, 4:3, P.J. Devine, advertisement for Premium Marble Works, P.J. Devine & Brother at cor of K and 6th Streets.

109. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. X, #1488, 11/16/61, 3:1, P.J. Devine, “LOCAL NEWS. FERGUSON’S MONUMENT. Workmen last evening completed the work of placing in the City Cemetery the monument erected by the State of California to the memory of the late William I. Ferguson, at the time of his death State Senator from the county of Sacramento. The ‘State Plot’ is in about the center of the Cemetery, and occupies the highest ground in the enclosure. Ferguson’s monument stands in the southeast corner of the plot and is a prominent object to a large extent of surrounding country. It is fit that something so beautiful a piece of workmanship, erected to the memory of a much lamented citizen and politician, should occupy the prominent position which it does. In the ‘State Plot’ repose the remains of Chief Justice Murray, Assemblyman Bell, Senator Ferguson and W.A. Magill. Marble monuments mark the spot where Murray, Bell and Ferguson are buried, but the shaft which delignates the grave of the latter towers six feet above the other two. The monument which we are about to describe is made of California marble, quarried from Devine & Grant’s quarry, near Columbia, in Tuolumne County. This marble is acknowledged to be a superior article - in fact, equal to any in the world. As soon as the quarry was discovered, which was but recently, its excellence was apparent, and Messr Devine & Bro, of this city, who had contract, declared that Ferguson’s monument should be made of it. The result may be seen at the City Cemetery and we think all who visit will agree with me that the artists have done themselves credit in the work. Ferguson’s monument stands on a brick foundation, which is level with the ground. From that the structure ascends in the following order: Granite base, one foot two inches thick, and four feet square; marble plinth and surbase of one piece, three feet high, and weighing 4,150 pounds. On the east side of the plinth is the word ‘Ferguson’ in large raised letters. Over the surbase is the die, two feet six inches in hight (sic). On the east side of the die is an alto reliovo life-size bust of the deceased, the work of P.J. Devine who has been most successful in catching the features of the departed Senator. On the south side of the die is the inscription, ‘Erected by the State of California’ and of the west, ‘W.I. Ferguson, native of Washington Co. Pa., died September 14th, 1858, aged 33 years, 1 month and 5 days. State Senator, Sacramento County.’ On the north side the face of the die is blank. Just above is a neat cornice, one foot three inches high, and thence ascends the octagonal shaft eight feet in hight (sic), surmounted with a capital of Corinthian design. An urn with blazing torch, completes the whole, and gives a proper finish to what we conceive to be the most elegant and chaste monument yet erected in the State of California. At the top of the shaft the marble is a foot square, and the entire hight (sic) of the column is nineteen feet. The monument as it now stands, reflects credit on the State and credit on the sculptor and artisans engaged on the work. Visitors to the City Cemetery will hereafter acknowledge that we have not done the monument more than justice.”

110. Sacramento Daily Union, Vol. XLI, #7253, 8/12/71, 4:2-4, J.C. Devine, “HOW PUBLIC WORK IS DONE - ITS COST....COST OF HOSPITAL. The same Legislature also passed an act, approved January 27th, 1870, to authorize the county of Sacramento to issue and sell bonds to the amount of $80,000, which should draw eight per cent per annum, and run for a term of years to be stated in the bonds, not to be less than fifteen nor more than twenty-five years. These bonds were sold to two different parties, realizing altogether $71,165, which was thought to be sufficient to comply with the law, which the sum was to be expended, in the following language: The money shall only be used in erecting and furnishing a hospital and poor-house, inclosing and improving the grounds thereof, erecting outbuildings thereon, and in stocking the farm. Here are the items of expense as shown by the stubs in the Auditor’s office. The list has, also, been verified by comparison the books of the County Treasurer. HOSPITAL, SINKING AND INTEREST FUND....1871. Jan. 3 - J.C. Devine, marble mantels...$151.50.”

111. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. VII, #1017, 5/11/60, 3:1, Aitken & Luce, P.J. Devine, “LOCAL NEWS. THE MONUMENTS. The plans for the monuments of the late Mr. Bell, of the Assembly, and the late Senator Ferguson, have been agreed upon by the legislature committee. The former is to be constructed by Messrs. Aitken & Luce, of J Street. It will be a composite of the Corinthian and Doric styles, and will be made of light blue-veined marble, obtained from Indian Diggings, El Dorado county, the late residence of Mr. Bell. The hight (sic) of the monument will be fourteen feet, and it will be surmounted by an Egyptian urn, surrounded by a laurel festoon. The die, the plinth and the column are of the Corinthian order, and the caps of the column and die are Doric. The base is to be of granite, four feet square and fifteen inches in thickness. From the ground to the top of the cap of the die, the hight (sic) is six feet and from thence to the top of the urn, eight feet. The die is to be two and a half feet by two feet and the column fourteen inches in diameter at the base and nine inches at the top. The diameter of the cap of the column will be one foot 2 inches, and the cap of the die 2 feet 1 inch. Upon the front of the die will be an inscription giving the name, age and birth place of the deceased, and on the reverse, ‘Erected by the State of California.’ A medallion, with the profile of the deceased will be placed upon another side, and the fourth side will be blank. The value of the monument will be $850, though it will be afforded at a somewhat less price. The monument to be erected to Mr. Ferguson will be constructed by Messrs. P.J. Devine & Brother, of K street. It will be of equal value and of the same hight (sic). The column will be of octagon shape, and will be surmounted by an urn and torch. At the base will be tresses carved in leaves. The style, though mostly of the Gotlae order, is of a composite character. The die is to be two feet six inches high, and two feet three inches square; the plinth, three feet square, and one foot eight inches high. The surbase one foot high and two feet six inches square. The granite base, three feet six inches square, and one foot high. The medallion upon the die will have a laurel wreath around the head of the profile, and there will also be a shield upon the sub base. This monument will be constructed of a similar material with that of the other and cost will be the same. The blocks have been ordered and the work will be commenced at once. We understand, however, that if the friends of either party to whom the monuments are to be erected, choose to contribute an additional sum toward the erection of either monument, the plan will be enlarged. The committee have made arrangements, above, for the erection of granite posts around the burial place, and ? for the same.”

112. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. XXIII, #3540, 6/30/68, 2:7, Aitken & Co., advertisement “REMOVAL. AITKEN & CO. have moved their Marble Works to 177 K Street, bet. Sixth and Seventh.”

113. Sacramento Daily Bee, Vol. XLVIII, #7397, 12/24/80, 6:7, Aitken & Fish, advertisement “MARBLE WORKS. Can stored urn or animated bust, back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? Ask Gray in his ‘Elegy in the Country Churchyard.’ Everyone knows that the answer to that would be - that the lamp of life which is out is out forever. Yet there is a pleasure to the living in bringing back fond recollections of the dead, in having some memento of them in sight to remind them of those who have gone before, in tending to their graves, in seeing that white marble lifts its pure head to the sky, while the breeze is whispering in the trees, the flowers warming in the sun, and the birds caroling in the air. There can be no more appropriate remembrance of the dead than a tasteful monument - a token of love - framed by skilled artisans out of the beautiful marble kept by Aitken & Fish, No. 617 K Street, bet Sixth and Seventh.”

114. Sacramento Daily Union, Vol. XXVL, #3981, 12/24/63, 3:1, Israel Luce, “SHADE TREES WANTED. Israel Luce, Superintendent of the City Cemetery, is desirous of beautifying the grounds under his charge by planting trees wherever they are needed. As there is no fund which can be appropriated to that object, he desires to have it understood that he will receive and plant all trees which are donated for that purpose. As many are interested in the improvement of the cemetery there should be liberal contributions of trees and shrubbery offered for its improvement.”

115. Sacramento Daily Union, Vol. XLVII, #7202, 5/5/74, 3:1, Aitken & Luce, “IMPOSING MONUMENT. Aitken & Luce of this city yesterday finished a fine monument, which is to be sent to Conneeticut (sic) to be erected over the grave of John Arnold, late of Sacramento. It is about eight feet in hight, of artistic design, and surmounted by a cross about which an ivy vine twines, the general effect being highly creditable to the firm by whom it was executed. On the base of the shaft is the word ‘Arnold.’ On the front appears the inscription, ‘John Arnold, died August 13th, 1867, aged 35 years, 7 months and 26 days; a native of Rocheport, Mo., formerly a resident of California.’ On one of the sides is an inscription in memory of Orlda, son of DeWitt and Harriet Upson, who dies last year. The third tablet bears the word ‘Mizpah,’ with reference to Genesis, XXX ?:49. The fourth tablet is blank. A photograph was yesterday taken of the monument for the benefit of friends of the family.”

116. Sacramento Daily Union, Vol. XLVII, #7202, 5/5/1874, 4:1, Frank N. Fish advertisement “Sacramento Marble Works. Monuments, Tombstones, Mantels, Bureau Tops, Plumbers Slabs, etc., 252 K Street near 9th.”

117. Sacramento Transcript, Vol. II, #70, 1/16/1851, 3:3, Israel Luce, advertisement “LUCE AND LOVELAND’S MARBLE WORKS, on Seventh, between J and K. HAVING received a fine lot of marble, and having had long practical experience in that branch of business, are prepared to execute all orders left with them, with neatness and dispatch.”

118. Directory of Sacramento City and County for 1896 (Same as 37, 137.)

119. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1875 (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1875) P 1, Aitken; P 8, William Boyne; p 31, Frank Fish; p 51, Israel Luce.

120. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1876 (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1876) P 1, Aitken; P 9, William Boyne; p 24, J.C. Devine; p 32, Frank Fish; p 61, Israel Luce.

121. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1877 (Sacramento: H. A. Weaver, Book & Job Printer, 1877) P 11, William Boyne; p 28, J.C. Devine; p 37, Frank Fish; p 71, John Luce.

122. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1880 (Sacramento: H. S. Crocker & Co., 1880) P 2, Aitken, 52; P 13, William Boyne; p 37, J.C. Devine, 37; p 37, J.H. Devine, 31; p 47, Frank Fish, 26; p 90, Israel Luce, 49; John Luce, 21.

123. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1884 (Sacramento: Lewis & Johnston’s Printing, 1884) P 2, Aitken; P 11, William Boyne; p 32, J.C. Devine, J.H. Devine, James Broderick Devine, 21; p 41, Frank Fish, Anthony Fish, 30; p 78, Israel Luce, John Luce.

124. Great Registration of the County of Sacramento, 1886 (Sacramento: A.J. Johnston & Co., 1886) P 2, Aitken; P 13, William Boyne; p 35, J.C. Devine, J.H. Devine, James Broderick Devine; p 45, Frank Fish, Anthony Fish; p 87, Israel Luce, John Luce.

125. The Sacramento Directory for the Year 1876, compiled by John F. Uhlhorn, (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1876), p 85, “Our Industry - Marble Works. The most extensive works in this line are those of Messrs. Aitken & Luce, on K street, between Sixth and Seventh. They employ about twenty-five hands at the shops in the city and at their quarries. They make tombstones, monuments, mantels, and all kinds of work in every variety of marble, but have a superior quality of California marble, which is taken from their own quarries at Indian Diggings, which has become very popular through out the coast. The marble is of the finest quality, and is susceptible of the highest polish.”

Messrs. Boyne & Brown are also engaged in manufacturing all kinds of marble work. They are doing a prosperous business, and are recommended for good work. Their place of business is at 204 K street, between Seventh and Eighth.”

J. C. Devine is located at 216 K Street, between Seventh and Eight, also engaged in marble business.”

F. N. Fish, at 252 K street, has been established a number of years in Sacramento, and has made some handsome specimens of marble work. He also works up considerable of the California marble from Indian Diggings.” P 92, Aitken & Luce proprietors Indian Diggings Marble Quarries, 177 K 6/7, Aitken dwelling L 9/10. P 119, Boyne & Brown (William H. Brown) Marble Dealers, 207 K, dwelling 238 K 8/9. P 179, Devine: J. C. Devine Marble Works, 216-18 K; Ellen, 11 O/P. P 198 Fish: Frank N., dealer, 252 K 8/9; Anthony N. and Morris N. with Frank N. Fish. P 307, Luce: Israel with Aitken & Luce Premium Pioneer Marble Works, 177 K, dwelling 207 M 7/8; John Coachman Luce, marble cutter, with Aitken & Luce, same dwelling; Wm. G. Luce, marble cutter, same dwelling. P 511, Business Directory: Marble Works - Aitken & Luce; Boyne & Brown; J.C. Devine; F.N. Fish.

126. Taylor’s Sacramento Commercial Directory for the Year 1858, compiled and published by L. S. Taylor (Sacramento: H.S. Crocker & Co., 1858), P IX, FIRE DEPARTMENT, PROTECTION ENGINE CO. NO. 2, house on Eighth street, bet J/K. Engine built by Smith of New York. “Officers: Andrew Aitken, 1st Assistant.” ALSO SAME POSITION IN 1856-57. P 1, Andrew Aitken of Aitken & Co. Marble Works, 207 J 7/8, residence 4 N/O; p XI, Free and Accepted Masons, Sacramento Lodge no. 40, A. Aitken, J.W. P XII, “HISTORICAL REVIEW: ODD FELLOWS - SACRAMENTO MUTUAL BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. P.J. Devine Trustee; P IX, FIRE DEPARTMENT, SACRAMENTO ENGINE CO. NO. 3, house on Second street, bet K/L. Engine built by Hunneman & Co. of Boston.” “Officers: P. J. Devine, Trustee.” After p 78, advertisement for P.J. Devine & Brother, K/6th, p 16, P.J. Devine, dwelling same; p 16, Thomas F. with P. J. Devine & Brother, dwelling same. P 47, Luce: Israel, marble cutter, dwelling L nr 7.

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